The United States plans to strengthen its deterrent capabilities in Europe

Implemented from the mid-60s in the midst of the Cold War, and in a very confidential manner, NATO's shared deterrence allowed the armies of its members to use American nuclear weapons, with a principle known as "double keys", the United States and the leaders of the European armies implementing these weapons both having a "key" making it possible to arm the nuclear charges, the designation of the targets being, on the other hand, the responsibility of the integrated command of the Alliance, not states themselves. Over the years, this system has evolved to bring together, on a permanent basis, only 5 members of…

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MGCS: Italy, Poland, Norway and Great Britain could join the program from 2023

Resulting from a preliminary study launched jointly by France and Germany in 2012, the Main Ground Combat System program, or MGCS, was officially launched in 2017 by Emmanuel Macron and Angela Merkel to replace in 2035 the French Leclerc tanks and the German Leopard 2s, alongside 3 other emblematic programs of Franco-German cooperation in the defense industry, the Future Air Combat System or SCAF to replace the Rafale and Typhoon in 2040, the Common Indect Fire System or CIFS to replacing self-propelled guns and multiple rocket launchers in 2035, and the Maritime Airborne Warfare System or MAWS to…

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Italy will increase its defense budget by €12 billion by 2028

Europe is a land of paradox. While during the last 10 years, European leaders had ignored the rise of the Russian armies and the construction of a military power at the gates of Europe based on the powerful Chinese ally, and capable, as we thought a few weeks ago, of gaining the upper hand over the NATO forces present in Europe, the outbreak of the invasion of Ukraine by the Russian armies, and the flagrant poor performance of the latter against an adversary supposed to be vastly inferior, spawned a flurry of announcements in favor of the defense effort within the entire…

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Turkey is again interested in the Franco-Italian SAMP/T anti-aircraft and anti-missile system

Relations between Europe, and in particular France, and Turkey have been tumultuous in recent years, to say the least. Between the Turkish intervention in northern Syria against the Kurdish allies of France and the United States, the military support provided by Ankara to the Tripoli regime in Libya, and the tensions in the Eastern Mediterranean, in the Aegean Sea and around Cyprus, the points of friction between Ankara and Paris were not lacking, and relations between the two countries, as between the two heads of state, had become very difficult. At the same time, the Turkish decision to acquire the anti-aircraft system at…

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Germany is interested in the Israeli Arrow 3 anti-ballistic system and is (still) unaware of the existing French solutions

While Paris and Berlin continue to proclaim loud and clear their common desire to cooperate in the field of defense technologies, numerous arbitrations carried out by the German authorities, before and after the change of government in December, show a situation well more complex, and a permanent rivalry between the two biggest economies of the euro zone, in particular in the field of Armaments. From the EuroSpike to the P8 Poseidon, from the F-35 to the ESSM, from the Apache to the Arrow 3, the past, present and future choices of the German armies in terms of equipment seem to systematically exclude alternatives. Venus…

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An American-Italian engine for the Eurodrone, an industrial and technological heresy

For several months, the Medium Altitude Long Endurance, or MALE, European drone program bringing together France, Germany, Italy and Spain, had been on hold, awaiting the budgetary green light from Madrid, and the final choice of its propulsion solution. While Spain confirmed its financial participation a few weeks ago, the choice announced by Airbus DS of the Catalyst engine, manufactured in Italy by Avio Aero but designed in the United States by General Electric, to the detriment of the Ardiden 3TP engine from French Safran , has created a deep movement of discontent within the French defense industry. The Catalyst turboprop, rated at 850…

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Defense against hypersonic missiles is structured in the West

Since the entry into service of the Kh47M2 Kinzhal hypersonic airborne missile in 2018, and even more so with the upcoming arrival of the 3M22 Tzirkon hypersonic anti-ship missile, both of Russian origin, the fear of seeing these munitions permanently neutralize naval power West has been widely relayed in the media. It is true that due to their speed, their low trajectory, and for some, their ability to maneuver in the descending phase, these weapons undermine the Western anti-missile shield, based on THAAD and SM-3 kinetic impactor missiles. In addition, the anti-aircraft missiles currently in service, such as the SM-2, the Aster 30 or the Sea Ceptor, have…

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Unprecedented naval force deployments in the Mediterranean

Despite French and European mediation attempts, tensions between Russia, Ukraine and NATO have continued to intensify in recent days. In addition to the uninterrupted deployment of new troops along the Ukrainian border in Russia, Crimea and Belarus, the Russian armies are said to have undertaken to move the powerful 2nd Guards Combined Arms Combined Army, the mainstay of the Central Military District, to the West, this contributing to the massive reinforcement noted for several days of the Russian offensive device on its western borders. To these deployments of land and air forces, are now added those of many naval units, creating an unprecedented tension since the…

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Naval Group's Gowind 2500 corvette still favorite in Greek competition

After the Italian Fincantieri with a lighter version of the Doha-class light frigates, and Lockheed-Martin with the age-old MMSC, it is now up to the British Babcock to try to enter the Greek competition to locally build 5 corvettes to the Hellenic Navy. Like the American Lockheed-Martin, Babcock is offering the same ship in Athens as the one offered in the "Frigate" competition which saw the success of the FDI Belharra, in this case a less well-armed and equipped version. of its 140 ton ArrowHead 5.700 frigate which has been retained by the Royal Navy for the Type 31 class,…

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Competition rages on between Naval Group, Fincantieri and Damen for Greek corvettes

The competition for the construction and delivery of 5 corvettes for the Hellenic Navy could well be the repetition of the one that raged over the frigates, and which saw, finally, Athens arbitrate in favor of the Defense and Intervention Frigate or FDI Belharra of Naval Group last September, after two years of intense negotiations and sensational reversals. As before, despite the advanced discussions on this subject between the French manufacturer and the Greek authorities, the European and American competitors of Naval Group are determined not to facilitate the negotiations, with a lot of counter-proposals and…

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