Why is a defense effort of 2% of GDP insufficient for France?

Upon his arrival at the Elysée Palace in 2017, the new President Emmanuel Macron made a major effort to bring France's defense effort to 2% of its Gross Domestic Product, as France had committed to in 2014 during the NATO summit in Cardiff. To achieve this, the new executive implemented a new Military Programming Law from 2019 to 2025 aimed at achieving this objective, as well as at repairing the numerous and sometimes dramatic deficiencies from which the French armies suffered after 20 years of under-investment. of a particularly heavy operational activity. This was a paradox for this designated period…

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The Defense Base, the response to French constraints in terms of defense spending

In November 2018, following an article by Michel Cabirol for the economic site La Tribune, the Socle Défense project had briefly attracted some media and political attention, to the point of being the subject of a subject in the 20h of France 2. While the Strategic Review and the Military Programming Law were in preparation, this project proposed to rely on a new financing architecture using savings and a model of leasing defense equipment, making it possible to increase defense investments above 2,65% of GDP, the threshold defined by the Defense Base to enable France to…

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The 4 key arbitrations for the French presidential election in terms of Defense

While Moscow has just announced simultaneously the partial withdrawal of certain units deployed along the Ukrainian borders, and the Duma has just endorsed the integration of the Oblasts of Donetsk and Lugansk in the Donbass into the Russian Federation, the final decision remaining in the hands of Vladimir Putin, recent events have shown that Defense issues can no longer be ignored by candidates for the French Presidential election. However, the programs presented to date are most often content to list certain measures and promises, without offering sufficient visibility to voters as to the real strategy of the candidates if they reach...

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Why should France aim for a defense effort of 3% of GDP? and how to achieve it?

Although treated in a relatively superficial way until today, defense issues are beginning to interfere in the French presidential campaign, and several candidates have already declared their intention to increase the budget of the Armed Forces towards a threshold equivalent to 3% of GDP. Other candidates, declared or not, if they also believe that the defense effort must grow in the years to come, wonder about the sustainability of this effort, as well as about its geopolitical interest. However, as we will see in this analysis, and even if it is only very rarely addressed, the objective of a defense effort of 3% of GDP by…

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What is the French Navy's new Future Mine Control System?

During the Cold War, Western navies had an impressive naval mine countermeasures capability, marked in particular by the prolific Tripartite Minehunter program which enabled France, Belgium and the Netherlands to equip of 35 particularly high-performance high-tech vessels that entered service between 1981 and 1990. In 2010, as part of the Lancaster House agreements, France and Great Britain committed to jointly design the Maritime Mine Counter Measures program, or MMCM , in order to develop new underwater mine countermeasures capabilities by 2030. In France, this program was designated by…

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Florence Parly confirms the replacement of the 12 used Rafale sold to Croatia

This puts an end to a long suspense, as well as to certain concerns. Indeed, the Minister of the French Armies Florence Parly, traveling to Zagreb for the signing of the sale of 12 second-hand Rafales to Croatia, confirmed by a tweet that the devices, which will be taken from the fleet of the Army de l'Air et de l'Espace, will effectively be replaced by an order to be launched in 2023. at this time according to the planning of the Act…

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What are the strengths and weaknesses of the French Army?

During his hearing before the Committee on Foreign Affairs and Defense of the Senate, the Chief of Staff of the Army (CEMAT), General Schill, declared that it would be a priority to give back to his army increased capacities in terms of artillery and close anti-aircraft defense on the occasion of the next Military Programming Law. It is true, and we have repeatedly addressed the subject in our lines, that these two areas are today part of the weak points of the Army, in particular to engage in a high intensity conflict. But through the statements of the French General, and...

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What is the record of Emmanuel Macron's five-year term in terms of Defense?

With the confirmation of a new € 1,7 billion of the Army budget for the year 2022, bringing it to € 40,9 billion, i.e. an overall increase of almost € 9 billion since 2017, the government and the Minister of the Armed Forces, Florence Parly, confirm stricto-senso compliance with the 2019-2025 Military Programming Law, and the promises made by Emmanuel Macron during the previous presidential campaign

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The Operational Buffer, an alternative to strengthen the Armies and the Defense Industry

Faced with the rapid upheavals affecting the geostrategic balances in the world, the French armies, like the national defense industry, face a complementary problem but without an obvious solution. Indeed, the armies keep repeating, more and more audibly, that they lack means, and in particular heavy means and manpower, to carry out their missions in a context where high-intensity engagements could once again become possible, even becoming the norm. At the same time, the French Defense industrial and technological base, or BITD, although it currently has relatively sustained activity, clearly lacks medium-term visibility, but…

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The National Guard, a favorite format for High Intensity

The military parade on July 14, 2021, which will take place as always on the Avenue des Champs-Elysées, will this year be on the theme of "High Intensity", a notion that has recently reappeared with the resurgence of this type of commitment, and the rise in power of certain armed forces such as China or Russia. However, if the French Armies will highlight their high-performance equipment, such as the Rafale, the Leclerc tanks, the VBMR Griffon or the new ships of the National Navy during this event, they will not be able to hide their more than limited capacities in this area. , inherited from 25 years of budgetary decisions and…

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