The current format of the US Navy fleet results from decisions taken in the mid-70s and early 80s to deal with the growing Soviet naval threat in 3 areas: the arrival of new units heavy high seas, like the cruisers Kirov and Slava supported by modern destroyers Sovreimeniye and Udaloy, reinforcement of the long-range bomber fleet with entry into service Tu-22M Backfire, and the submarine threat with the entry into service of high performance attack submarines such as the Alpha and Akula, and discreet submarines such as the Victor II / III and the first Kilo.
For the US Navy, it was essential to maintain air and naval superiority over the North Atlantic in the face of these threats, which meant having large aircraft carriers capable of implementing heavy interceptors like the F14 in sufficient numbers. , destroyers and cruisers equipped with the AEGIS anti-aircraft and anti-missile system capable of withstanding saturation attacks, anti-submarine frigates and high-performance attack submarines capable of keeping Russian submarines at bay . Added to this is the need to transport personnel and equipment, and to conduct amphibious assault operations with the Marine Corps.
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