Defense technologies that made the news in 2021

Despite the crisis linked to the Covid-19 pandemic, the news in 2021 was often marked by certain defense technologies, in a geopolitical context of growing tensions and critical crises. From Australia's surprise cancellation of the order for French-built conventionally powered submarines to switch to US-British nuclear attack submarines, to hypersonic missiles; from underwater drones to China's new fractional orbital bombardment system; these defense technologies, long in the background of the world media scene, found themselves in the news, and sometimes in the headlines during this year. In this two-part article,…

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Can the French aeronautical industry bounce back from the success of the F-35 in Europe?

At the end of last week, and as anticipated, the Finnish authorities announced that they had selected the American F-35A fighter to succeed the F-18s within its air force, at the end of the HX competition which saw once again the American fighter to the other Western models, F/A 18 E/F Super Hornet, Gripen, Rafale and Typhoon. As in Switzerland, the conclusions presented by the Finnish authorities are final, the F-35 appearing superior to other competitors in all areas, including in the area of ​​budgetary sustainability. And as in Switzerland, many voices are now being raised to restore…

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Unsurprisingly, the F-35A is given the winner of the HX competition in Finland

The HX competition, which aims to replace Finland's F-18s in the present decade, is coming to an end, and the selected aircraft should be announced in the days or weeks to come. Unlike many other recent competitions, the 5 aircraft manufacturers in the running, Boeing with its F/A 18 E/F Super Hornet, Dassault Aviation with the Rafale, Eurofighter with the Typhoon, Lockheed-Martin with the F-35A and Saab with the Gripen E/F, continued their efforts until the end of the competition, without throwing in the towel in the face of a truncated call for tenders in favor of the F-35A, as was the case in Belgium or in…

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Boeing's Super Hornet leaves Canadian competition through the back door

For ten years, Lockheed-Martin's F-35 Lighting II has imposed itself in all the competitions in which it has participated. If the conditions of these victories are often subject to discussion, it is nonetheless true that the American apparatus, despite its weaknesses and its many faults, has always managed to convince the officials in charge of choosing, for their respective countries, the aircraft that will be the spearhead of their air force for the next 50 years. Canada will probably be no exception to the rule, since after the withdrawal of Dassault Aviation and its Rafale, then Airbus…

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What consequences for France if the SCAF and Tempest programs merged?

After his German counterpart Lt General Ingo Gerhartz, it is the turn of General Luca Goretti, the Chief of Staff of the Italian Air Force, to declare that, according to him, the European programs of 6th generation combat aircraft SCAF (for Future Combat Air System) which brings together Germany, Spain and France, and FCAS (for Future Combat Air System, the same acronym) which brings together Great Britain, Italy and Sweden , will be expected to merge in the more or less near future. According to the Italian general officer, given the industrial and budgetary issues, and the proximity of programs, industrial players and countries,…

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The new ambitions of European Structured Permanent Cooperation

The Permanent Structured European Cooperation, or PESCO, is undeniably one of the major advances obtained in the field of Defense within the European Union. Launched in December 2017, it allows European industrialists and political actors to cooperate to develop new programs, whether purely technological or industrial, with the aim of avoiding the multiplication of similar programs within the European Union, and therefore expenditure deemed irrelevant because it is redundant between members. The first list of projects was presented on March 6, 2018, and focused above all on support programs, in the field of training, simulation,…

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Ultra-long-range air-to-air missile race accelerates between US, China and Russia

From the early 60s, the rise of the Soviet long-range bomber fleet became a major problem for the US Air Force and US Navy. In an attempt to protect the fleet from raids by Tu-95, Tu-16 and Tu-22 bombers armed with powerful, often supersonic anti-ship missiles, the US Navy simultaneously developed two complementary weapon systems: the triptych consisting of the surface missile -air SM-2, the SPY-1 radar and the AEGIS system which equipped the Ticonderoga class cruisers and then the Arleigh Burke Destroyers to respond to the potential saturation of traditional defense systems which required a radar of…

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For the US Army, it becomes urgent to replace the anti-aircraft systems Patriot and Stinger

Over the past 4 years, Raytheon and the US State Department have managed to convince 4 European countries to acquire the MIM-104 Patriot anti-aircraft and anti-missile system: Sweden, Romania and Poland in 2017 and 2018 , and more recently Switzerland in a competition which opposed the American system to the Franco-Italian SAMP/T. In total, there are today 6 European member countries of NATO which implement this system, to which are added Sweden and Switzerland, which are or will soon be equipped with this system. The FIM-92 Stinger portable system equips 9 European armed forces. These two systems...

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The Tempest program would be at risk according to the British public expertise authority

Since its official announcement in July 2018, the British Future Combat Air System program piloted by BAe, and its new generation Tempest fighter, have been a symbol of the strategic autonomy regained for London following the 2016 referendum which will give rise to Brexit. Nearly 50 years after the Harrier, Great Britain announced that it was undertaking the design and independent construction of a new combat aircraft intended to replace the Typhoon designed and built in cooperation with Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom. 'Spain. And if Italy and then Sweden quickly declared their interest in this program, it was indeed British public finances...

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For the Chief of Staff of the Luftwaffe, the SCAF and Tempest programs would benefit from coming closer

There are sentences which, on their own, perfectly sum up a given situation. And when questioned by the American site Defense News, Lt General Ingo Gerhartz, Chief of Staff of the Luftwaffe, declares that he hopes that the SCAF programs which bring together Germany, France and Spain, and Tempest, piloted by Great Britain with the participation of Italy and Sweden, is coming closer, in line with statements by NATO's SACEUR a few days ago, he is only saying aloud what many German officials are thinking to themselves, namely that cooperation with Great Britain and…

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