British FCAS/Tempest and Japanese FX fighter jet programs may soon merge

While the SCAF new generation combat aircraft program which brings together France, Germany and Spain has been on hold for several months for lack of a balanced agreement on industrial sharing, the British and their program FCAS competitor with next-generation Tempest fighter aircraft continues to push ahead, despite threats to its funding. This risk could very soon be fully addressed. Indeed, after seducing Rome and, to a lesser extent, Stockholm to join the program and participate in its financing, London is, according to Reuters, on the verge of signing a historic agreement with Tokyo to merge…

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What will be the priorities of the next French Military Programming Law?

Until the beginning of the Russian intervention in Ukraine, the French executive had one watchword and only one concerning the conduct of the defense effort: All the Military Programming Law 2019-2025, but that the LPM 2019 -2025. Designed on the basis of the 2017 Strategic Review, itself strongly constrained by the 2013 White Paper, the 2019-2025 LPM aimed to repair the significant damage resulting from two decades of under-investment in the French armies, even though the operational pressure remained very high. It is clear that in 5 years, the situation of the armies has greatly improved, with an annual budget increased by €8,5 billion, i.e.…

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Turkey launches competition for the engine of its next-generation TF-X combat aircraft

At the 2019 Paris Air Show, the model presented by Turkey of the TF-X program aimed at developing a new medium combat aircraft with characteristics close to the 5th generation, caused a sensation, especially since it then seemed much more successful than the one presented with great fanfare by France, Germany and Spain concerning the FCAS programme. However, between the consequences of the Covid crisis, and especially Western sanctions against Ankara following Turkish interventions in Syria and Libya, its provocations in the Eastern Mediterranean, and especially the acquisition of an S-400 battery from Russia, dealt a severe blow to the industrial ambitions of…

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The French Armies (also) need a €100 billion recapitalization plan

Barely days after the start of the Russian offensive against Ukraine, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz presented to the Bundestag, the German parliament, a plan to invest a €100 billion envelope intended to repair some of the most criticisms noted within the Bundeswehr, while engaging a dynamic in order to bring the country's defense effort beyond the threshold of 2% of GDP required by NATO by 2025. Since then, the vast majority of countries Europeans, whether or not they are a member of NATO, have announced a significant increase in their own defense efforts, all committing themselves, on longer…

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Can Germany become the first conventional armed force in Europe?

The start of the Russian offensive in Ukraine caused a profound electric shock in German society, as everywhere in Europe: Suddenly, the risk of war became much more pressing on the old continent, and public opinion turned eagerly to certain subjects , in particular on the ability of their armed forces to protect them against what was then often presented as a potential surge of Russian firepower and tanks. The day after the start of this offensive, the German Chief of Staff, Lieutenant General Alfons Mais, published a post on the LinkedIn social network which further shook a…

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Super-Rafale, Mirage NG: France must study a medium-term alternative to SCAF

To say that the SCAF new generation combat aircraft program, which brings together France, Germany and Spain, is today on a downhill course would be an understatement. After several episodes of tension about industrial sharing between Paris, Berlin and Madrid, the program is now on hold in the face of the impossible agreement that Germany and Airbus Defense & Space are trying to get Paris and Dassault Aviation to accept, and which would oblige the French aeronautical group to share the piloting of the first pillar concerning the design of the Next Generation Fighter, or NGF, with its German counterpart. For several weeks now, the situation has been totally frozen, Eric Trappier,…

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The Belgian armies are preparing to order 19 additional CAESAr NG guns

After having acted as NATO's bad student with a defense effort barely above 1,1% of GDP in 2020, and devoting less than 1% to its defense between 2013 and 2019, the Belgian authorities have Like many other European chancelleries, announced a very significant increase in this effort in the years to come. This increase will take place in two stages, the first targeting 1,54% of GDP in 2025, and the second aiming to reach the 2% required by NATO in 2035, i.e. 10 years after the deadline set by the Atlantic Alliance. Under these conditions, the Belgian armies, financially drained since...

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Greece turns to the F-35A to complement its air power

If for the majority of European countries, the greatest threat comes, to date, from Russia, Greece, for its part, must face a latent conflict with Turkey for several decades, and revived in recent years by the territorial and maritime ambitions of President RT Erdogan. And if the Europeans know they can count on the support of the United States and the US Air Force against Moscow, Athens for its part knows that the United States, but also a majority of European countries, first and foremost Germany, and with the notable exception of France, will not intervene in the event of deterioration of…

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Finland and Sweden will be able to join NATO, but the concessions to Turkey are high

Since Turkey is the subject of numerous European sanctions following its intervention in Syria, Libya and its deployment of forces in the Eastern Mediterranean against Greece and Cyprus, President Erdogan knew that Finland's and Sweden would be, for him, a formidable means of pressure to attenuate these sanctions, and to force the hand of the two Scandinavian countries in their support for the Kurdish movements. By standing firm on his opposition to the accession of the two countries to the Atlantic Alliance, RT Erdogan has indeed achieved his ends, and if the official press releases welcome the lifting…

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US prepares delivery of medium-range anti-aircraft systems for Ukraine

If the Ukrainian armies now receive almost continuously new armor and artillery systems supplied by the West, they suffer on the other hand from a very significant erosion of its anti-aircraft and anti-missile assets, as well as its air assets. This is the reason why, on numerous occasions, the Ukrainian civil and military authorities have called on their Western allies to deliver fighter planes and medium or long-range anti-aircraft systems, in order to be able to contain the long-range strikes carried out by Russian cruise missiles and fighter jets that hit major cities and…

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