Finland and Sweden will be able to join NATO, but the concessions to Turkey are high

Since Turkey is the subject of numerous European sanctions following its intervention in Syria, Libya and its deployment of forces in the Eastern Mediterranean against Greece and Cyprus, President Erdogan knew that Finland's and Sweden would be, for him, a formidable means of pressure to attenuate these sanctions, and to force the hand of the two Scandinavian countries in their support for the Kurdish movements. By standing firm on his opposition to the accession of the two countries to the Atlantic Alliance, RT Erdogan has indeed achieved his ends, and if the official press releases welcome the lifting…

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Sweden joins Finland to join NATO

Since the end of the Second World War, Sweden and Finland have shared a common destiny in Europe. The two countries thus maintained a neutral posture throughout the Cold War, joining neither NATO nor the Warsaw Pact, and not even joining the European Economic Community despite a deep democratic culture and ties close links with the countries of Western Europe, and dramatic episodes such as the assignat of Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme. After the collapse of the Soviet bloc, Stockholm and Helsinki jointly joined the European Union in 1995, but with no threat from the East, neither...

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Finland to apply to join NATO

Throughout the Cold War, Finland, which shares a 1300 km border with Russia, maintained a posture of neutrality vis-à-vis the Soviet Union and the Western bloc. If, like Sweden, it joined the European Union in 1995, it had never shown any desire to do the same vis-à-vis NATO. On the contrary, a few months ago, the majority of Finnish public opinion was opposed to such an approach, even if for several years Helsinki had been drawing closer militarily to the United States and the Western bloc, and distancing itself from Moscow. The war in Ukraine will have generated, in this country, a profound…

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Will France align its defense effort with Germany?

Among the profound geopolitical upheavals caused by the Russian offensive in Ukraine, the announcement made on Sunday 27 February by German Chancellor Olaf Scholz to the Bundestag about the massive increase in the German defense effort, is undoubtedly the one that will have the most consequences in Europe in the medium and long term. Breaking with 30 years of chronic underinvestment by the Bundeswehr, which led the German Chief of Staff to publicly warn Berlin about the deteriorated operational capabilities of its armies from the first day of the conflict in Ukraine, Berlin announced a plan aimed at to modernize the German armies in the short term with…

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Defense against hypersonic missiles is structured in the West

Since the entry into service of the Kh47M2 Kinzhal hypersonic airborne missile in 2018, and even more so with the upcoming arrival of the 3M22 Tzirkon hypersonic anti-ship missile, both of Russian origin, the fear of seeing these munitions permanently neutralize naval power West has been widely relayed in the media. It is true that due to their speed, their low trajectory, and for some, their ability to maneuver in the descending phase, these weapons undermine the Western anti-missile shield, based on THAAD and SM-3 kinetic impactor missiles. In addition, the anti-aircraft missiles currently in service, such as the SM-2, the Aster 30 or the Sea Ceptor, have…

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These conflicts that threaten in 2022: Ukraine-Russia

If there was a significant factor in describing the year 2021, apart from the Covid crisis, it is undoubtedly the significant increase in direct tensions between many states, with the now very real risk of seeing the specter reappear. conflicts between great powers on a regional or even global scale. Furthermore, and contrary to the tensions and conflicts that marked the post-Cold War period, these wars in the making threaten, for the most part, to bring in their wake the opposition of nuclear super-powers, and even to have an effect trigger between them, so that the deterioration of the situation for one of them can have significant consequences on the…

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Defense technologies that made the news in 2021

Despite the crisis linked to the Covid-19 pandemic, the news in 2021 was often marked by certain defense technologies, in a geopolitical context of growing tensions and critical crises. From Australia's surprise cancellation of the order for French-built conventionally powered submarines to switch to US-British nuclear attack submarines, to hypersonic missiles; from underwater drones to China's new fractional orbital bombardment system; these defense technologies, long in the background of the world media scene, found themselves in the news, and sometimes in the headlines during this year. In this two-part article,…

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Can the French aeronautical industry bounce back from the success of the F-35 in Europe?

At the end of last week, and as anticipated, the Finnish authorities announced that they had selected the American F-35A fighter to succeed the F-18s within its air force, at the end of the HX competition which saw once again the American fighter to the other Western models, F/A 18 E/F Super Hornet, Gripen, Rafale and Typhoon. As in Switzerland, the conclusions presented by the Finnish authorities are final, the F-35 appearing superior to other competitors in all areas, including in the area of ​​budgetary sustainability. And as in Switzerland, many voices are now being raised to restore…

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Unsurprisingly, the F-35A is given the winner of the HX competition in Finland

The HX competition, which aims to replace Finland's F-18s in the present decade, is coming to an end, and the selected aircraft should be announced in the days or weeks to come. Unlike many other recent competitions, the 5 aircraft manufacturers in the running, Boeing with its F/A 18 E/F Super Hornet, Dassault Aviation with the Rafale, Eurofighter with the Typhoon, Lockheed-Martin with the F-35A and Saab with the Gripen E/F, continued their efforts until the end of the competition, without throwing in the towel in the face of a truncated call for tenders in favor of the F-35A, as was the case in Belgium or in…

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The new Finnish fighter plane will be chosen after a wargame

The HX competition aimed at replacing the F/A 18 Hornets of the Finnish Air Force is soon coming to an end, while all the proposals from the 5 manufacturers involved, Boeing with the F/A 18 E/F Super Hornet, Dassault with the Rafale, Eurofighter with the Typhoon, Lockheed-Martin with the F35 and Saab with the Gripen E/F, were handed over to the country's authorities this week. The choice of aircraft for this almost €10 billion contract will be made on price considerations, of course, but also on security of supply and industrial cooperation. Above all, Helsinki intends to integrate the results of the tactical evaluations of the 5 devices…

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