The United States plans to strengthen its deterrent capabilities in Europe

Implemented from the mid-60s in the midst of the Cold War, and in a very confidential manner, NATO's shared deterrence allowed the armies of its members to use American nuclear weapons, with a principle known as "double keys", the United States and the leaders of the European armies implementing these weapons both having a "key" making it possible to arm the nuclear charges, the designation of the targets being, on the other hand, the responsibility of the integrated command of the Alliance, not states themselves. Over the years, this system has evolved to bring together, on a permanent basis, only 5 members of…

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Can the French aeronautical industry bounce back from the success of the F-35 in Europe?

At the end of last week, and as anticipated, the Finnish authorities announced that they had selected the American F-35A fighter to succeed the F-18s within its air force, at the end of the HX competition which saw once again the American fighter to the other Western models, F/A 18 E/F Super Hornet, Gripen, Rafale and Typhoon. As in Switzerland, the conclusions presented by the Finnish authorities are final, the F-35 appearing superior to other competitors in all areas, including in the area of ​​budgetary sustainability. And as in Switzerland, many voices are now being raised to restore…

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The new ambitions of European Structured Permanent Cooperation

The Permanent Structured European Cooperation, or PESCO, is undeniably one of the major advances obtained in the field of Defense within the European Union. Launched in December 2017, it allows European industrialists and political actors to cooperate to develop new programs, whether purely technological or industrial, with the aim of avoiding the multiplication of similar programs within the European Union, and therefore expenditure deemed irrelevant because it is redundant between members. The first list of projects was presented on March 6, 2018, and focused above all on support programs, in the field of training, simulation,…

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Greece, Belgium .. These countries which show the way for Defense Europe

Since the resurgence of the concept of European defense following the election of President Macron in 2017 and the start of an active but oh so chaotic cooperation with Berlin, the progress recorded in the field has been mixed. At the European level, there is now no longer any doubt that the Permanent Structured Cooperation, or PESCO, represents an effective format for supporting this European cooperation, and the latest version of projects presented on November 16, 2021, marks in this respect a clear shift towards technological and industrial cooperation focused on operational objectives and shortened schedules, in accordance with the needs of the armies. In the field…

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Belgium will order 9 155mm CAESAR guns from French Nexter

If Brussels' choice of the F-35A to replace its F-16 planes had caused a lot of reaction in France, even though the Rafale had not been officially presented in the competition, the Belgian authorities had nevertheless largely demonstrated their commitment to a strategic partnership with France, through the CAMO contract in 2018 relating to 442 armored vehicles VBMR Griffon and EBRC Jaguar of French invoice, as well as by entrusting in 2019 to the French Naval Group and its Belgian partner ECA the design and manufacture of 6 new generation mine warfare vessels. The Belgian Armies will…

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Does NATO's B-61 nuclear bomb still have military or political interest?

From the start of the Cold War, the United States undertook to deploy on the soil of its European allies nuclear weapons of various types, such as gravitational bombs, surface-to-surface or surface-to-air missiles, and even air missiles. -air than the AIR-2 Genie, in order to dissuade the very powerful Red Army from trying to take advantage of its numerical advantage in Europe. Without knowing exactly when the principle of nuclear sharing began, it appears that it was already implemented in 1968, during the first discussions between the Soviets and the Americans on questions of limiting nuclear weapons, since Moscow was informed of this...

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PILUM: the European Defense Agency launches its electric gun program

It was about time, one might say... The European Defense Agency has announced that it has selected the partners who will participate in the PILUM program, for Projectiles for Increased Long-range effects Using Electro-Magnetics (a bit capilotracted as an acronym), a program aimed at to study and develop a prototype electric gun, or Railgun, in the next two years. The European consortium thus created brings together the French Nexter Systems, Nexter Munitions and Naval Group, the Belgian Von Karman Research Institute, the German Diehl Defence, the Polish Explomet and the Italian ICAR. It will be piloted by the Franco-German Saint-Louis Institute, which has already developed initial expertise in the field, and will be financed by the…

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While not yet fully operational, Belgian NH90 TTH helicopters could be withdrawn from service

Of all the countries of Western Europe, Belgium is undoubtedly one of those which suffered the most from the reductions in staff linked to the "Peace Dividends". If modernization plans have been launched in recent years, after several decades of budget cuts, the starving Belgian defense budget will not allow all current operational capabilities to be renewed and maintained. Especially since micro-fleets of equipment are complex and expensive to maintain. The sizing of the Belgian helicopter fleets is particularly representative of this phenomenon, which aims to maintain operational capabilities with the fewest means possible, making their…

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With SCORPION, the French Army revolutionizes its combat capabilities in contact

Among the main European defense programs, the French SCORPION program unquestionably holds a very special place. Truly structuring, it provides for nothing less than in-depth modernization not only of the equipment but also of the doctrines of the Army's tactical units. Open since 2018 to a certain form of European cooperation, via the Belgian CaMo program, the SCORPION program (Synergie du COntact Reinforced par la Versatility et l'Info valorisatiON) provides for the development of several new vehicles, the renovation of equipment, but also and above all the implementation of an infovalorized combat system, the SICS, which will propel the French Army and…

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What if Belgium buy a small Rafale M fleet rather than additional F-35As?

In a previous article, we mentioned the reflection initiated by the Belgian authorities concerning the extension of the fleet of 34 F35A ordered in 2018 by 14 new aircraft. It would seem that like the Netherlands or Norway before it, Belgium must review the format of its fighter fleet to respond to operational pressure. After having weighed in with all its weight to get Belgium to choose the F35, NATO would also be at the origin of this reflection, the Alliance estimating that with only 34 aircraft, the Belgian air forces will not be able to support its operational demands. But this reflection could be the occasion…

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