Has France lost its audacity in Defense innovation?

At the start of the week, the French Defense Innovation Agency launched two calls for projects to design vagrant ammunition models. These weapons, sometimes improperly called suicide drones, mark the news in the Ukrainian conflict, with the arrival of the Switchblade 300 and 600 models and the mysterious Phoenix Ghost specially designed by the US defense industry at the request of the Ukrainians. However, the effectiveness of vagrant ammunition did not emerge during this conflict, nor even during the Nagorno Karabakh war in 2020 during which the Israeli-made Harops and Orbiters saturated the Armenian defenses. Indeed, this type of ammunition exists…

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Greece ready to spend €2 billion to modernize its Leopard 1 and 2 heavy tanks

If the United States and some of the Europeans tend to soften their positions vis-à-vis Turkey, the Greek authorities and military, for their part, are far from sharing this hope about a possible change of method. and objectives on the part of the Turkish President, R. T Erdogan, and a normalization of relations with Ankara. While Greece can rely on solid growth of 8,1% in 2021 and more than 7% expected in 2022, and its public finances are again in the green, Athens can now focus on modernizing its its ground forces, after devoting…

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Russian forces lost first T-90M heavy tank in Ukraine

With the exception of the T-14 Armata which is currently not in operational staffing in the Russian armies, the T-90M Proryv-3 (Breakthrough-3) is unquestionably the most modern tank, the best armed and the best protected in service with Russian units. However, the tank presented as a T-90 incorporating many elements from the T-14 Armata, in particular the 125 mm 2А82-1М gun and the Kalina fire control system, was only engaged in Ukraine at the end of April 2022. Although entering service in 2019, the T-90M is indeed a rare commodity within the Russian armed forces,…

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Lessons from the War in Ukraine: The Vulnerability of Frontline Armor

According to the Oryx site, which refers to the losses documented by both sides since the beginning of the conflict, the Russian armies have so far lost more than 550 heavy tanks, of which more than half were destroyed by anti-tank missiles, artillery strikes or by enemy tanks. The situation is essentially the same for armored combat vehicles (350 including 150 destroyed) and infantry combat vehicles (600 including 350 destroyed), which represents half of all front line armored vehicles deployed by the Russia around Ukraine before the fighting started. Fact,…

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How will the war in Ukraine transform strategic planning in Europe?

Just 3 weeks ago, very few in the West believed that Russia was indeed going to wage a global war of aggression on Ukraine. For many, the deployment of Russian force around Ukraine was intended to make President Zelensky bend over his NATO membership and the status of the breakaway republics of Donbass. For the best informed, like the General Staff of the French Armies, and as we discussed in an article of February 23, the military and political risks associated with such an offensive did not outweigh the potential benefits, so that such a decision appeared irrational and therefore little…

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The TKMS Meko-300 and Babcock Arrowhead 140 frigates on final in Poland

The Polish Navy has traditionally been the poor relation of the Warsaw Defense effort. To date, it has only 13.000 soldiers, and a limited number of ships, including only 2 OH Perry class frigates acquired second-hand from the US Navy in the early 2000s, and a single submarine. Kilo class out of operational service inherited from Soviet times. However, the country has nearly 650 km of coastline on the Baltic Sea, a strategic location for controlling access to this semi-open sea which hosts many critical infrastructures for the country and for Europe. The country has…

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Defense technologies that made the news in 2021

Despite the crisis linked to the Covid-19 pandemic, the news in 2021 was often marked by certain defense technologies, in a geopolitical context of growing tensions and critical crises. From Australia's surprise cancellation of the order for French-built conventionally powered submarines to switch to US-British nuclear attack submarines, to hypersonic missiles; from underwater drones to China's new fractional orbital bombardment system; these defense technologies, long in the background of the world media scene, found themselves in the news, and sometimes in the headlines during this year. In this two-part article,…

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Israeli Trophy active protection system proves its worth on German Leopard 2s

Last February, Berlin announced that it had ordered from the Israeli Rafael the active protection system Trophy to equip the equivalent of a company of Leopard 2A7 tanks. This Hard-Kill system, which notably equips Merkava tanks and Namer Infantry Combat Vehicles, had already largely demonstrated its operational effectiveness during Israeli engagements in the Middle East since 2011, by displaying an exceptional capacity to intercept rockets and anti-tank missiles targeting Israeli tanks. This system was also meticulously tested by the US Army, which decided to equip some of its M1A2 Abrams heavy tanks with it as an interim solution, in…

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Leopard 2, Leclerc, Merkava: What are modern battle tanks worth? (1/3)

Since its first appearance on the battlefields during the First World War, the battle tank has been the subject of both extreme fascination for some, and total denial for others. Over the course of the conflicts, and the appearance of new weapon systems, such as the anti-tank missile or more recently the wandering ammunition, the end of the supremacy of the tank in land combat has many times been prophesied, following the example other major armaments such as aircraft carriers or combat aircraft. However, it is clear today, as geopolitical tensions continue to grow, that the market...

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The British Char Challenger 3 (also) will be protected by the Israeli Trophy system

We knew that London was planning to equip its future Challenger 3 tank, a retrofit of the Challenger 2 currently in service to compensate for defects and obsolescence and to make it possible to connect with a possible replacement from 2035, with a Hard protection system -Kill to increase its protection against anti-tank missiles and rockets. The British Ministry of Defense has just confirmed that the active protection system Trophy of the Israeli Rafael had been selected for this, in this case in its lighter version Trophy MV/VPS. The British Army will therefore be the 3rd NATO army to choose the Israeli self-protection system,…

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