Have we overestimated the Russian Armies?

Since the beginning of the Russian offensive against Ukraine, the armies of the Kremlin have been closely observed by military specialists. This is, in fact, the first massive deployment of these armies since the invasion of Georgia in 2008, an operation which revealed many serious shortcomings within them. However, as in 2008, it appears that the Russian Armies are the subject of significant difficulties, even though the reforms of 2008 and 2012 were designed specifically to correct them and bring the Russian Armies to a much higher operational standard than that observed in the field. Under these conditions, and in view of the observations made on...

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The 5 critical failings of Russian forces in Ukraine

To say that on the 7th day of the Russian-Ukrainian war, the operations did not go as expected by the Russian General Staff, is obviously an understatement, to the point that now Moscow is restructuring its offensives to respect a strategy much more classic based on the extraordinary firepower of Russian artillery and bombing aviation. However, these first days of combat made it possible, through numerous observations widely analyzed by the OSINT community, to identify several critical failures affecting the Russian forces engaged in this operation. Surprisingly, some of these failures precisely affect reputed areas of excellence of the Russian army, and in fact raise questions about…

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The TKMS Meko-300 and Babcock Arrowhead 140 frigates on final in Poland

The Polish Navy has traditionally been the poor relation of the Warsaw Defense effort. To date, it has only 13.000 soldiers, and a limited number of ships, including only 2 OH Perry class frigates acquired second-hand from the US Navy in the early 2000s, and a single submarine. Kilo class out of operational service inherited from Soviet times. However, the country has nearly 650 km of coastline on the Baltic Sea, a strategic location for controlling access to this semi-open sea which hosts many critical infrastructures for the country and for Europe. The country has…

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Defense against hypersonic missiles is structured in the West

Since the entry into service of the Kh47M2 Kinzhal hypersonic airborne missile in 2018, and even more so with the upcoming arrival of the 3M22 Tzirkon hypersonic anti-ship missile, both of Russian origin, the fear of seeing these munitions permanently neutralize naval power West has been widely relayed in the media. It is true that due to their speed, their low trajectory, and for some, their ability to maneuver in the descending phase, these weapons undermine the Western anti-missile shield, based on THAAD and SM-3 kinetic impactor missiles. In addition, the anti-aircraft missiles currently in service, such as the SM-2, the Aster 30 or the Sea Ceptor, have…

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Defense technologies that made the news in 2021

Despite the crisis linked to the Covid-19 pandemic, the news in 2021 was often marked by certain defense technologies, in a geopolitical context of growing tensions and critical crises. From Australia's surprise cancellation of the order for French-built conventionally powered submarines to switch to US-British nuclear attack submarines, to hypersonic missiles; from underwater drones to China's new fractional orbital bombardment system; these defense technologies, long in the background of the world media scene, found themselves in the news, and sometimes in the headlines during this year. In this two-part article,…

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The new FDI frigates of the French Navy less well armed than expected

The ceremony for laying the keel of the first Defense and Intervention Frigate, or FDI, of the French Navy, was held on December 16 at the Naval Group site in Lorient. Baptized Amiral Ronarc'h, this first frigate of an eponymous class of 5 ships which will enter service between 2025 and 2030, will weigh 4500 tonnes and be 122m long, will be one of the pillars of the renewal of the surface fleet of the Navy. And if it will carry many new capabilities for the French Navy, such as the Thales Seafire 500 active plate antenna radar which offers…

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With the S-550, Russia completes the future anti-aircraft and ballistic defense of its airspace

Russian anti-aircraft and anti-ballistic defense is today universally recognized as one of the best in the world, if not the best. Its multi-layered, multi-system cooperative composition already allows it to respond to almost all threats, including 5th generation stealth aircraft, constituting in fact a particularly dissuasive rampart for any of the adversaries. potential of the country. If the famous S-400, Buk, Tor, Pantsir and the future S-500 Prometei system were already well known to specialists in the subject, the announcement made on November 9 by Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu about a new S-550 system, unseated…

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What are the strengths and weaknesses of the French Navy?

The entry into service of the new Alsace frigate, which offers enhanced anti-aircraft capabilities while retaining the anti-submarine warfare and anti-ship warfare capabilities of the Aquitaine-class FREMMs, was rightly , hailed as an important step in the effort to modernize the French Navy. Many other programs are underway to support this effort, including the FDI defense and intervention frigates, the Suffren class nuclear attack submarines, the Jacques Chevallier class tanker tankers, the future Ocean Patrollers or again the SLAM-F Mines war program, all to enter service during…

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The FREMM anti-aircraft frigate Alsace joins active service in the French Navy

The new FREMM frigate with enhanced anti-aircraft capability Alsace officially entered service on Monday, November 22, according to a message published directly by the Minister of the Armed Forces, Florence Parly. This ship replaces the anti-aircraft frigate Cassard withdrawn from service in March 2019, and allows the French Navy to now align 9 modern frigates, out of the 15 ships of this type which it must have according to the 2013 white paper and the Review Strategic of 2017. If the number is not there yet, waiting for the entry into service of its sister-ship Lorraine in 2022, then of the new Frigate of Defense and Intervention...

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What answers if Turkey bought S-400 systems from Russia again?

Turkish President RT Erdogan has once again met his Russian counterpart, Vladimir Putin, in the seaside town of Sochi on the shores of the Black Sea. Among the many topics discussed by the two heads of state, Ankara's acquisition of a second regiment of S-400 long-range anti-aircraft systems appears to be the most problematic from the Western point of view. The first order of two complete S-400 batteries in 2017 by Turkey provoked a strong response from Washington, Donald Trump having, after much procrastination and pressure from Congress, decided to exclude Ankara from the F-35 program, and to cancel in 2020 the order for 100…

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