North Korea re-tests advanced performance hypersonic ballistic missile

Although geopolitical attention is now focused more on the risk of conflict in Ukraine or around Taiwan, certain theaters less exposed to the media are still very active. This is particularly the case of the Korean Peninsula, while the two countries, North and South Korea, have for several years been engaged in intense competition in the field of long-range missiles. The year 2021 was thus marked by numerous tests on both sides, with notable advances both in the field of ballistic missiles and cruise missiles. But it was unmistakably the September 28 test of a North Korean ballistic missile equipped…

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Defense technologies that made the news in 2021

Despite the crisis linked to the Covid-19 pandemic, the news in 2021 was often marked by certain defense technologies, in a geopolitical context of growing tensions and critical crises. From Australia's surprise cancellation of the order for French-built conventionally powered submarines to switch to US-British nuclear attack submarines, to hypersonic missiles; from underwater drones to China's new fractional orbital bombardment system; these defense technologies, long in the background of the world media scene, found themselves in the news, and sometimes in the headlines during this year. In this two-part article,…

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Will China take military technological ascendancy over the United States?

When on October 4, 1957, an R-7 Semiorka rocket launched from the Baikonur site in Kazakstan put the first artificial satellite Sputnik 1 into orbit, the confidence of the United States in their technological superiority, which until then had been considered indisputable, was largely shaken. This episode was, along with the Korean War, the Cuban Missile Crisis and the Euromissile Crisis, one of the high points of the Cold War, and generated a strong American reaction. And for General Mark Milley, the Chief of Staff of the American Armed Forces, the test of a hypersonic fractional orbital bombardment system carried out by Beijing a few days ago, could well constitute an event...

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Beijing reportedly tested hypersonic fractional orbital bombardment system

An article by Demetri Sevastopulo and Kathrin Hille published this weekend on the Financial Times website has the Western defense community in turmoil. We learned there, in fact, that according to the information gathered by the two journalists, China would have proceeded, during the month of August of this year, to the test of a new hypersonic strategic weapon system likely to thwart the set of detection systems and Western, and more specifically American, anti-missile defense using a Fractionated Orbital Bombardment System, or FOBS according to the English acronym. Indeed, it would seem that such a system was put into orbit on the occasion of the 77th…

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Russia develops "light" airborne version of Tzirkon anti-ship hypersonic missile

Since the entry into service of the hypersonic missile Kh47m2 Kinzhal within the Russian air force in late 2017, the country has taken a comfortable lead vis-à-vis other nations, and in particular the United States, in this domain. And the conclusive tests of the 3M22 Tzirkhon hypersonic anti-ship system conducted in recent months have only reinforced this fact, especially since unlike the Kinzhal, the Tzirkon uses a new Scramjet-type engine for its propulsion. It is precisely on the basis of a brand new scramjet designated “Object 70” (Izdelie 70), more compact than that used on board the Tzirkon, that the engineers…

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3M22 Tzirkon hypersonic missile tested from Severodvinsk nuclear submarine

While the Tzirkon 3M22 hypersonic anti-ship missile test campaign was crowned with success in September with the 10th successful firing from the Admiral Gorshkov frigate after a campaign started in February 2020, the Russian authorities announced that the tests of implementation of the new missile from submarine would begin in October. It will hardly have been necessary to be patient since on October 4, the Russian Navy announced that it had carried out the first two firings of this test phase, both from the nuclear missile submarine Severodvinsk, the first unit of the Iassen class. of project 885,…

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North Korea announces successful test of hypersonic glider

On September 28, the North Korean armed forces launched another short-range ballistic missile. But according to the state website Rodong Sinmun, this test was much more than just another expression of Pyongyang's annoyance at American maneuvers in South Korea and the Pacific, since it was, according to statements North Koreans, to test a new missile equipped with a hypersonic glider, the Hwasong-8. The launch was reportedly tracked by South Korean radars, with an apogee at 30 km and a recorded range of 200 km. But according to Pyongyang, the test would have given complete satisfaction, even going so far as to publish…

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DARPA's HAWC hypersonic cruise missile successfully completed its maiden flight

In the field of hypersonic weapons, 3 main families of propulsion face each other: hypersonic gliders which are operated by ballistic missiles before being dropped at very high altitude and high speed, and which manage to maintain their hypersonic speed taking advantage of gravity; ballistic or semi-ballistic missiles using rocket engine type propulsion which simultaneously carry fuel and oxidizer to produce thrust; and so-called aerobic systems employing a new type of engine, the Scramjet, which, like a jet engine, uses atmospheric oxygen as an oxidizer to produce thrust. Of course, this last…

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Australia and USA advance design of hypersonic cruise missile

To date, there are three technological approaches to designing a hypersonic missile. The first relies on a missile following a semi-ballistic trajectory, and having enough fuel to maintain its speed until impact. This is the case of the Kh47M2 Kinzhal, an airborne missile derived from the Iskander short-range ballistic missile, which saves the precious fuel necessary for the hypersonic race thanks to the Mig-31K or Tu-22M3 launcher. The second approach is that of the hypersonic glider, a projectile designed to maintain hypersonic speed and maneuverability throughout the descent phase after being brought to very high altitude and…

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With the 3M22 Tzirkon anti-ship missile, the Russian Navy wins in Europe

Left uncultivated for almost 20 years after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the reconstruction of Russian maritime power, as well as the country's military naval industry, is now beginning to show the fruits of Moscow's efforts. these last 10 years. With the entry into service of the new Project 22350 Admiral Gorshkov frigates, Project 20380 Steregushchyi and Project 20385 Gremyashchyi corvettes, Project 636.3 Improved Kilo conventional submarines, and Project 885-M Iassen-M and project 955 Boreï-A with nuclear propulsion, it now has ships that have nothing to envy to their Western counterparts, quite the contrary. But a weapon, whose...

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