The United States plans to strengthen its deterrent capabilities in Europe

Implemented from the mid-60s in the midst of the Cold War, and in a very confidential manner, NATO's shared deterrence allowed the armies of its members to use American nuclear weapons, with a principle known as "double keys", the United States and the leaders of the European armies implementing these weapons both having a "key" making it possible to arm the nuclear charges, the designation of the targets being, on the other hand, the responsibility of the integrated command of the Alliance, not states themselves. Over the years, this system has evolved to bring together, on a permanent basis, only 5 members of…

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Joe Biden renounces the “No first use” doctrine for American nuclear weapons

If the doctrine of use of nuclear weapons in democracies is a highly political subject, it is clear that for fifty years, these have changed little, whether in France, in Great Britain like in the United States. During the last US presidential campaign, candidate Joe Biden promised to incorporate a firm rule on the use of these weapons if he were elected, renouncing them unless attacked by other weapons. nuclear. And as there were many before him, Joe Biden finally gave up implementing such a doctrine, sticking to the very traditional doctrine of using…

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With 3 SSBNs at sea, the French deterrence posture at its highest since 1983

There are unmistakable signs of the level of tension that exists between the West and Russia, against the backdrop of Russian aggression in Ukraine. Thus, barely a few days after the launch of what is presented by Moscow as a "Special Military Operation", and which is obviously turning into a nightmare for the Russian armies, the Kremlin had announced the heightened alert of its forces. of deterrence. If at the time, the Western nuclear powers had not publicly raised the threat so as not to aggravate the situation, they nevertheless drew their own conclusions. So we learn...

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Will Germany limit itself to 35 F-35As for its Luftwaffe?

Unsurprisingly, the German Chancellery has therefore announced, as part of its program to increase the strength of its armed forces, the acquisition of 35 F-35A combat aircraft from the American Lockheed-Martin to ensure the sharing mission. NATO nuclear power, of which Berlin is one of the 5 pillars with Ankara, Amsterdam, Brussels and Rome, alongside 15 electronic warfare devices and suppression of enemy anti-aircraft defenses Typhoon ECR from the European consortium Eurofighter bringing together Germany, the Spain, Italy and Great Britain, in order to replace the Tornado ECR which ensured this mission until now. Beyond signing the end of the production of the F/A…

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How will the war in Ukraine transform strategic planning in Europe?

Just 3 weeks ago, very few in the West believed that Russia was indeed going to wage a global war of aggression on Ukraine. For many, the deployment of Russian force around Ukraine was intended to make President Zelensky bend over his NATO membership and the status of the breakaway republics of Donbass. For the best informed, like the General Staff of the French Armies, and as we discussed in an article of February 23, the military and political risks associated with such an offensive did not outweigh the potential benefits, so that such a decision appeared irrational and therefore little…

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Will France align its defense effort with Germany?

Among the profound geopolitical upheavals caused by the Russian offensive in Ukraine, the announcement made on Sunday 27 February by German Chancellor Olaf Scholz to the Bundestag about the massive increase in the German defense effort, is undoubtedly the one that will have the most consequences in Europe in the medium and long term. Breaking with 30 years of chronic underinvestment by the Bundeswehr, which led the German Chief of Staff to publicly warn Berlin about the deteriorated operational capabilities of its armies from the first day of the conflict in Ukraine, Berlin announced a plan aimed at to modernize the German armies in the short term with…

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When cyber warfare encroaches on biological warfare

One of the most striking lessons from the Covid crisis, which has been hitting the world for more than two years, is probably not the vulnerability of human societies to the appearance of a new pathogen, a subject that has been documented for many years. years. On the other hand, this crisis highlighted the immense dependence of Western societies on their health system, and on the adherence of citizens to this system. Thus, it was never the incidence rate, yet the alpha and omega of epidemiology, any more than the number of deaths, which were at the heart of political decisions in Europe and the United States to stem the effects of…

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The report that hurts US anti-missile defense

Since the first work in the field of ballistic missile interception systems, the Pentagon has invested close to $350 billion in this specific field intended to protect American soil, and to a lesser extent, some of its allies, against strikes from potentially nuclear ballistic missiles. In recent years, the subject has been revitalized by the resurgence of strategic threats from Russia, China and also North Korea, which now have ballistic missiles, certainly intercontinental, but with operational capabilities much lower than the latest models of ICBM missiles. and Russian and Western SLBMs. However, according to a report made public by the American…

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Can France and Europe meet the Russian security challenge?

After weeks and months of speculation and attempts at diplomatic mediation, Vladimir Putin unveiled part of his game yesterday Monday February 21, the day after the end of the Chinese Olympic Games, recognizing the independence of the two self-proclaimed republics of Donbass , and moving just a few hours later, part of its units in this region, on the basis of pretexts as questionable as they are artificial. However, the exceptional deployment of force carried out by the Russian armies around Ukraine far exceeds the needs of this last maneuver alone to deter Ukraine from any attempt to retaliate, and the…

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The 4 key arbitrations for the French presidential election in terms of Defense

While Moscow has just announced simultaneously the partial withdrawal of certain units deployed along the Ukrainian borders, and the Duma has just endorsed the integration of the Oblasts of Donetsk and Lugansk in the Donbass into the Russian Federation, the final decision remaining in the hands of Vladimir Putin, recent events have shown that Defense issues can no longer be ignored by candidates for the French Presidential election. However, the programs presented to date are most often content to list certain measures and promises, without offering sufficient visibility to voters as to the real strategy of the candidates if they reach...

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