F Gouttefarde, JC Lagarde, JL Thériot: these outgoing deputies necessary for the National Defense and Armed Forces Commission

Within the French National Assembly, the Commission for National Defense and the Armed Forces is far from being the most popular commission among deputies. The sovereign function par excellence being a reserved domain of the Elysée, it is difficult to shine there, or to assert an alternative or simply constructive voice, in the face of the doxa imposed by the Presidency of the Republic and the Ministry of the Armed Forces. . In fact, it is rare for MPs, whether from the majority or the opposition, to play a significant role. However, during the previous magistracy, several deputies knew, by their…

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After 100 days of war in Ukraine, France has still not adapted its defense effort and ambitions

Important Information: A technical problem prevented subscribers from renewing their subscription with the same email address. The problem is now fixed. Like the attack on Poland in 1939 by Nazi Germany, and that of Pearl Harbor by the Japanese Imperial Fleet in 1941, the triggering of the Russian "special military operation" in Ukraine, on February 24, 2022 , took Western leaders, including the United States, by surprise, particularly on the strategic level. Not only did this mark the return of high-intensity warfare, but it involved one of the two most important nuclear powers on the planet. Worse still, she had...

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Why is a defense effort of 2% of GDP insufficient for France?

Upon his arrival at the Elysée Palace in 2017, the new President Emmanuel Macron made a major effort to bring France's defense effort to 2% of its Gross Domestic Product, as France had committed to in 2014 during the NATO summit in Cardiff. To achieve this, the new executive implemented a new Military Programming Law from 2019 to 2025 aimed at achieving this objective, as well as at repairing the numerous and sometimes dramatic deficiencies from which the French armies suffered after 20 years of under-investment. of a particularly heavy operational activity. This was a paradox for this designated period…

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The United States fears the trivialization of Russian and Chinese “blackmail to deterrence”

Barely a few days after the start of military operations in Ukraine, Vladimir Putin ordered, in a very publicized manner, his Chief of Staff and his Minister of Defense to put the Russian strategic forces on high alert, in response the first round of sanctions from the United States and Europe against Russia in response to this aggression. Since then, Moscow has repeatedly repeated its strategic threats in an attempt to prevent the West from interfering in the ongoing conflict, and to provide growing support to the Ukrainians. If this did not prevent the United States, Great Britain and many European countries from delivering armaments...

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The United States plans to strengthen its deterrent capabilities in Europe

Implemented from the mid-60s in the midst of the Cold War, and in a very confidential manner, NATO's shared deterrence allowed the armies of its members to use American nuclear weapons, with a principle known as "double keys", the United States and the leaders of the European armies implementing these weapons both having a "key" making it possible to arm the nuclear charges, the designation of the targets being, on the other hand, the responsibility of the integrated command of the Alliance, not states themselves. Over the years, this system has evolved to bring together, on a permanent basis, only 5 members of…

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Joe Biden renounces the “No first use” doctrine for American nuclear weapons

If the doctrine of use of nuclear weapons in democracies is a highly political subject, it is clear that for fifty years, these have changed little, whether in France, in Great Britain like in the United States. During the last US presidential campaign, candidate Joe Biden promised to incorporate a firm rule on the use of these weapons if he were elected, renouncing them unless attacked by other weapons. nuclear. And as there were many before him, Joe Biden finally gave up implementing such a doctrine, sticking to the very traditional doctrine of using…

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With 3 SSBNs at sea, the French deterrence posture at its highest since 1983

There are unmistakable signs of the level of tension that exists between the West and Russia, against the backdrop of Russian aggression in Ukraine. Thus, barely a few days after the launch of what is presented by Moscow as a "Special Military Operation", and which is obviously turning into a nightmare for the Russian armies, the Kremlin had announced the heightened alert of its forces. of deterrence. If at the time, the Western nuclear powers had not publicly raised the threat so as not to aggravate the situation, they nevertheless drew their own conclusions. So we learn...

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Will Germany limit itself to 35 F-35As for its Luftwaffe?

Unsurprisingly, the German Chancellery has therefore announced, as part of its program to increase the strength of its armed forces, the acquisition of 35 F-35A combat aircraft from the American Lockheed-Martin to ensure the sharing mission. NATO nuclear power, of which Berlin is one of the 5 pillars with Ankara, Amsterdam, Brussels and Rome, alongside 15 electronic warfare devices and suppression of enemy anti-aircraft defenses Typhoon ECR from the European consortium Eurofighter bringing together Germany, the Spain, Italy and Great Britain, in order to replace the Tornado ECR which ensured this mission until now. Beyond signing the end of the production of the F/A…

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How will the war in Ukraine transform strategic planning in Europe?

Just 3 weeks ago, very few in the West believed that Russia was indeed going to wage a global war of aggression on Ukraine. For many, the deployment of Russian force around Ukraine was intended to make President Zelensky bend over his NATO membership and the status of the breakaway republics of Donbass. For the best informed, like the General Staff of the French Armies, and as we discussed in an article of February 23, the military and political risks associated with such an offensive did not outweigh the potential benefits, so that such a decision appeared irrational and therefore little…

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Will France align its defense effort with Germany?

Among the profound geopolitical upheavals caused by the Russian offensive in Ukraine, the announcement made on Sunday 27 February by German Chancellor Olaf Scholz to the Bundestag about the massive increase in the German defense effort, is undoubtedly the one that will have the most consequences in Europe in the medium and long term. Breaking with 30 years of chronic underinvestment by the Bundeswehr, which led the German Chief of Staff to publicly warn Berlin about the deteriorated operational capabilities of its armies from the first day of the conflict in Ukraine, Berlin announced a plan aimed at to modernize the German armies in the short term with…

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