Japan set to scrap defense spending cap

At the end of the Second World War, Japan occupied by American forces was endowed with a constitution hastily drafted by the plenipotentiary services of Washington under the strict control of General MacArthur. What followed was a very restrictive constitution regarding the country's defense capabilities. Unlike Federal Germany, which in the mid-50s obtained the green light from Washington, London and Paris to increase its defense effort within the framework of NATO, to become in a few years the largest conventional armed force of the old continent, the Japanese self-defense forces remained contained in a strictly investment effort…

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What will be the priorities of the next French Military Programming Law?

Until the beginning of the Russian intervention in Ukraine, the French executive had one watchword and only one concerning the conduct of the defense effort: All the Military Programming Law 2019-2025, but that the LPM 2019 -2025. Designed on the basis of the 2017 Strategic Review, itself strongly constrained by the 2013 White Paper, the 2019-2025 LPM aimed to repair the significant damage resulting from two decades of under-investment in the French armies, even though the operational pressure remained very high. It is clear that in 5 years, the situation of the armies has greatly improved, with an annual budget increased by €8,5 billion, i.e.…

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Why the Russian Belgorod submarine and the 2M39 Poseidon nuclear torpedo do not change anything?

On the occasion of the campaign for the 2018 Russian presidential election, outgoing President Vladimir Putin aroused a certain astonishment in the West by publicly presenting certain "revolutionary" military programs, supposed to give a decisive advantage to the Russian armies for the decade to come. come. Among these programs, the RS-28 SARMAT ICBM missiles and the Avangard hypersonic glider are due to enter service this year, while the Kinzhal airborne hypersonic missile has already equipped some Mig-31Ks modified since 2019. The nuclear-powered cruise missile Burevestnik has more or less fallen into oblivion. As for the nuclear-powered heavy torpedo…

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SHIELD airborne system's high-energy laser soon ready for testing

Since the mid-60s, increasingly modern anti-aircraft defenses have continued to pose a growing threat to air forces, and to armies which, like Western forces, base most of their firepower on this component. The Vietnam War, then that of Yom Kippur, made the staffs aware of this threat, leading to the design of new aircraft designed to challenge these systems, either based on stealth like the F-117A Nighthawk, or on the low-altitude, high-speed penetration like the Tornado, the Su-24, the F-111. The Gulf War...

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With KDDX, South Korea launches its 3rd new generation destroyer program

At the turn of the 2000s, the South Korean naval forces were mainly composed of coastal protection ships, such as the 2.200-ton Ulsan-class frigates or the Gangwon-class destroyers, American 3500-ton Gearing-class destroyers intended for anti-submarine warfare and anti-ship warfare. Since then, the profile of these naval forces has changed profoundly, with the entry into service of large destroyers such as the Sejong the Great class ships, among the largest (10.600 tons in load) and the best armed (128 vertical silos) of the planet, but also the 3.600 ton frigates of…

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China produces its military equipment "6 times faster and 20 times cheaper" than the United States

In 2021, the Chinese naval forces admitted to service 5 Type 052D/DL destroyers and 3 Type 055 cruisers, as well as , while the US Navy, for its part, will not have admitted to service any new Arleigh Burke destroyers. According to current planning, the situation will be similar in 2022, although this year 2 Arleigh Burke destroyers, the USS Franck E. Pertensen Jr and the USS John Basilone, will be admitted to service. In total, over the last 3 years (2019-2021), the Chinese Navy will have received 11 Type 052 D/DL destroyers and 4 Type 055 cruisers for only 3 new destroyers in the US Navy. This situation is…

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The French Armies (also) need a €100 billion recapitalization plan

Barely days after the start of the Russian offensive against Ukraine, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz presented to the Bundestag, the German parliament, a plan to invest a €100 billion envelope intended to repair some of the most criticisms noted within the Bundeswehr, while engaging a dynamic in order to bring the country's defense effort beyond the threshold of 2% of GDP required by NATO by 2025. Since then, the vast majority of countries Europeans, whether or not they are a member of NATO, have announced a significant increase in their own defense efforts, all committing themselves, on longer…

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Can Germany become the first conventional armed force in Europe?

The start of the Russian offensive in Ukraine caused a profound electric shock in German society, as everywhere in Europe: Suddenly, the risk of war became much more pressing on the old continent, and public opinion turned eagerly to certain subjects , in particular on the ability of their armed forces to protect them against what was then often presented as a potential surge of Russian firepower and tanks. The day after the start of this offensive, the German Chief of Staff, Lieutenant General Alfons Mais, published a post on the LinkedIn social network which further shook a…

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Nearing its first flight, South Korea's KF-21 Boramae could prove the successful antithesis of Western combat aircraft programs

With more than 550 fighter jets in its inventory, the South Korean air force ranks 7th among the world's air forces according to this criterion, yielding sixth place to its northern neighbor by only a few dozen aircraft. However, and like North Korea, Pakistan or even India which precedes it, South Korea still aligns a large number of old generation aircraft, including 156 F-5 Tiger II and 69 F4 Phantom II. Faced with the worsening of international tensions, but also with the strengthening of the nuclear strike capabilities of its neighbor and hereditary enemy since…

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The US Air Force definitively abandons the innovative ideas of Will Roper for its NGAD program

During the 3 years he spent as head of acquisitions for the US Air Force from February 2018 to January 2021, Doctor Will Roper, then Under Secretary of the Air Force, developed an extremely innovative industrial doctrine and in a break with the American military aeronautical industrial tradition over the past 50 years. According to this, it was economically, technologically and from an operational point of view, largely preferable to develop combat aircraft in reduced series, specialized in certain missions, and equipped with a short lifespan of about fifteen years. based on new design and modeling technologies, rather than trying to…

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