Why is a defense effort of 2% of GDP insufficient for France?

Upon his arrival at the Elysée Palace in 2017, the new President Emmanuel Macron made a major effort to bring France's defense effort to 2% of its Gross Domestic Product, as France had committed to in 2014 during the NATO summit in Cardiff. To achieve this, the new executive implemented a new Military Programming Law from 2019 to 2025 aimed at achieving this objective, as well as at repairing the numerous and sometimes dramatic deficiencies from which the French armies suffered after 20 years of under-investment. of a particularly heavy operational activity. This was a paradox for this designated period…

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The 5 Western Weapons Ukrainian Forces Need the Most Today

For 12 days now, the Ukrainian Armed Forces and Territorial Defense have managed to resist the Russian offensive, despite an obvious tightening of the adversary's rules of engagement, when it is obvious that it is not will have no chance of a quick victory or of gaining the support or even the neutrality of the vast majority of the Ukrainian population. Initiated prior to the conflict by the United States and certain European countries, arms deliveries to the Ukrainian forces now play a decisive role in their ability to maintain pressure on the units taking part in the Russian offensive, striking effectively supply convoys and blocking certain offensives, in…

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Have we overestimated the Russian Armies?

Since the beginning of the Russian offensive against Ukraine, the armies of the Kremlin have been closely observed by military specialists. This is, in fact, the first massive deployment of these armies since the invasion of Georgia in 2008, an operation which revealed many serious shortcomings within them. However, as in 2008, it appears that the Russian Armies are the subject of significant difficulties, even though the reforms of 2008 and 2012 were designed specifically to correct them and bring the Russian Armies to a much higher operational standard than that observed in the field. Under these conditions, and in view of the observations made on...

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Russia-Ukraine: the first conflict of the OSINT era

Do you know the term OSINT? It is an acronym in English meaning Open Source Intelligence, or Information on Public Data in French. This methodology was popularized by the Bellingcat group created in July 2014 by Eliot Higgins, which notably engaged in the analysis of data relating to the destruction of Malaysian Airlines flight MH17 shot down on July 17 of the same year, demonstrating the involvement of Russian BUK systems in the destruction of the aircraft. Later, this same Bellingcat group demonstrated the involvement of agents of the GRU, the Russian military intelligence services, in the poisoning of the former Russian agent Sergeï Skripal and his daughter…

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The new ambitions of European Structured Permanent Cooperation

The Permanent Structured European Cooperation, or PESCO, is undeniably one of the major advances obtained in the field of Defense within the European Union. Launched in December 2017, it allows European industrialists and political actors to cooperate to develop new programs, whether purely technological or industrial, with the aim of avoiding the multiplication of similar programs within the European Union, and therefore expenditure deemed irrelevant because it is redundant between members. The first list of projects was presented on March 6, 2018, and focused above all on support programs, in the field of training, simulation,…

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The Metavers, a critical medium-term defense and security issue

On October 28, the president of Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg, announced the launch of a huge program aimed at making his company, renamed "Meta" on this occasion, the global pillar in the field of Metaverse. Although there were, strictly speaking, no precise announcements made during this press conference, neither in terms of the project nor in terms of the timetable, this ambition clearly gives the start of a next stage in the evolution of the link that everyone can have with digital. As such, the Metaverse bring many opportunities in terms of defense for those who know how to seize them, but also…

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France strengthens its response to Social Warfare

For several years, France has been the subject of several attacks aimed at manipulating part of public opinion via social networks, attacks mainly piloted from foreign countries sometimes hostile to the country, or to certain political orientations. Several emblematic cases of these coordinated attacks have been revealed to the general public, such as the social outburst piloted from Turkey around the murder of Samuel Paty, this professor assassinated by a radical Islamist in his classroom, or the false revelations around emails from candidate Macron's campaign team 2 days before the second round of the presidential elections, revelations which ultimately turned out to be composed...

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United States, China and Russia strengthen their Information Warfare capabilities

In just a few years, Information Warfare, which can be incorrectly translated as Information Battlefields, has established itself as one of the major subjects within the world's major military powers, which devote to it every year more resources. Three countries in particular, the United States on the one hand, and China and Russia on the other, have integrated this new battlefield into the very heart of their new military doctrines, to the point of integrating at different levels combat units specialists in this field, and thus to give their forces new operational capabilities which, potentially, can prove to be as or even more effective than a regiment...

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Is a Maskirovka on the way over Russian-Ukrainian tensions?

Popularized by the excellent "Red Storm" by Tom Clancy and Larry Bond, the author of the no less excellent naval war simulation Harpoon, the Maskirovka is an intelligence operation aimed at creating from scratch a casus belli justifying the legitimate engagement of forces. The novel, which describes a hypothetical conflict between the Soviet Union and NATO against a backdrop of an energy crisis, presents an evolved scenario concerning this Soviet Maskirovka, intended to mobilize the population around an attack against NATO following an attack aimed at the elites of the Communist Party, supposedly carried out by the German secret services, while at the same time, the armies were undergoing a…

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