Why is a defense effort of 2% of GDP insufficient for France?

Upon his arrival at the Elysée Palace in 2017, the new President Emmanuel Macron made a major effort to bring France's defense effort to 2% of its Gross Domestic Product, as France had committed to in 2014 during the NATO summit in Cardiff. To achieve this, the new executive implemented a new Military Programming Law from 2019 to 2025 aimed at achieving this objective, as well as at repairing the numerous and sometimes dramatic deficiencies from which the French armies suffered after 20 years of under-investment. of a particularly heavy operational activity. This was a paradox for this designated period…

Read the article

The United States announces the end of the tests of its anti-satellite systems

On November 15, 2021, Russia destroying the Kosmos-1408 satellite using an anti-satellite missile, causing nearly 1500 pieces of debris to be released into a busy orbit, including by the International Space Station. Since the 60s, no less than a dozen successful tests have been carried out by the United States, the Soviet Union / Russia, China and India in this field, creating more than 6500 pieces of space debris of which 4500 are still in orbit, threatening both civil and military satellite constellations. For Kamala Harris, the American vice-president, it was now necessary to put an end to this escalation, including,…

Read the article

The new ambitions of European Structured Permanent Cooperation

The Permanent Structured European Cooperation, or PESCO, is undeniably one of the major advances obtained in the field of Defense within the European Union. Launched in December 2017, it allows European industrialists and political actors to cooperate to develop new programs, whether purely technological or industrial, with the aim of avoiding the multiplication of similar programs within the European Union, and therefore expenditure deemed irrelevant because it is redundant between members. The first list of projects was presented on March 6, 2018, and focused above all on support programs, in the field of training, simulation,…

Read the article

Will China take military technological ascendancy over the United States?

When on October 4, 1957, an R-7 Semiorka rocket launched from the Baikonur site in Kazakstan put the first artificial satellite Sputnik 1 into orbit, the confidence of the United States in their technological superiority, which until then had been considered indisputable, was largely shaken. This episode was, along with the Korean War, the Cuban Missile Crisis and the Euromissile Crisis, one of the high points of the Cold War, and generated a strong American reaction. And for General Mark Milley, the Chief of Staff of the American Armed Forces, the test of a hypersonic fractional orbital bombardment system carried out by Beijing a few days ago, could well constitute an event...

Read the article

Beijing reportedly tested hypersonic fractional orbital bombardment system

An article by Demetri Sevastopulo and Kathrin Hille published this weekend on the Financial Times website has the Western defense community in turmoil. We learned there, in fact, that according to the information gathered by the two journalists, China would have proceeded, during the month of August of this year, to the test of a new hypersonic strategic weapon system likely to thwart the set of detection systems and Western, and more specifically American, anti-missile defense using a Fractionated Orbital Bombardment System, or FOBS according to the English acronym. Indeed, it would seem that such a system was put into orbit on the occasion of the 77th…

Read the article

US May Demonstrate New Anti-Satellite Weapon Soon

In the field of space warfare, two schools of thought clash at the Pentagon: those in favor of absolute confidentiality concerning the majority of programs, so as to leave the potential adversary (China or Russia) in the dark about existing capabilities and programs under development, and those who consider that the declassification of part of this information is essential to reinforce the deterrent effect vis-à-vis a potentially overconfident adversary. Until now, the partisans of secrecy had the advantage, and a severe blackout had covered for many years the real space capabilities of the US armies, and of its new Space Force component, both in the offensive field...

Read the article

The Pentagon's 2022 budget marks a major shift

After several weeks of waiting, the Biden Administration presented its first annual budget for the United States defense effort. Although it was the subject of several upstream declarations, and numerous comments, this new Pentagon budget marks a profound evolution in the strategy that the White House wants to employ to prepare and employ its armed forces, with a line of sight, the increasingly fierce competition between the United States and China in the Pacific. To be able to meet this challenge now deemed almost inevitable by American officials, including the President himself, Biden administration executives,…

Read the article

5 of the 6 American Chiefs of Staff in quarantine due to Covid-19

The bulk of the US Armed Forces Chiefs of Staff are now in quarantine, after US Coast Guard Chief of Staff Admiral Charles Ray was diagnosed with the Covid19 coronavirus early week. The latter had indeed experienced mild symptoms during the weekend, justifying the test. All the general officers who have worked with Admiral Ray in recent days, i.e. 5 of the 6 chiefs of staff, General Berger of the US Marines Corps being the only exception, have therefore been in quarantine since yesterday. evening, creating a completely new situation at the Pentagon. According to the Pentagon spokesperson, the chiefs of staff concerned remain…

Read the article

The US Army satellite constellation will be operational between 2025 and 2027

During a Webinar hosted by DARPA, Brigadier General Rob Collins commanding the Command, Control, Communication-Tactical Program Executive Office, designated by the acronym PEO C3T, indicated that the constellation of satellites in orbit medium and low level of the US Army will be operational between the years 2025 and 2027. This program plans, like the Blackjack program of DARPA, to provide the US Army with a large number of satellites to implement the info-centric strategy of cooperative and multi-domain engagement being developed at the Pentagon, and in particular to protect access to the reconnaissance and communication systems essential to this doctrine.…

Read the article

Something new for the sensors of future US early warning satellites

Over the past few months, the renewal of American ballistic early warning capabilities has been the subject of open voluntarism. Major program of the new "US Space Force", given the new threats, the "Next-gen Overhead Persistent Infrared" (OPIR) has passed an important milestone in recent days via the validation of the preliminary design reviews of the infrared payload satellites. Main effector of the future satellite system in geosynchronous orbit, the design then the development of infrared sensors (IR) is the subject of particular care. Competitively designed and developed by Raytheon Space and Airborne Systems and Ball Aerospace, they will pass critical review by fall 2021. The…

Read the article
Meta-Defense

FREE OF CHARGE
See