Finland and Sweden will be able to join NATO, but the concessions to Turkey are high

Since Turkey is the subject of numerous European sanctions following its intervention in Syria, Libya and its deployment of forces in the Eastern Mediterranean against Greece and Cyprus, President Erdogan knew that Finland's and Sweden would be, for him, a formidable means of pressure to attenuate these sanctions, and to force the hand of the two Scandinavian countries in their support for the Kurdish movements. By standing firm on his opposition to the accession of the two countries to the Atlantic Alliance, RT Erdogan has indeed achieved his ends, and if the official press releases welcome the lifting…

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NATO will equip itself with a response force of 300.000 men to deal with the Russian threat

Only a few years ago, under the battering of Donald Trump and RT Erdogan, several European chancelleries began to doubt the effectiveness of the Atlantic Alliance, to the point that the French President, in reference to the lack of reaction from the alliance in the face of Turkish provocations in the western Mediterranean, judged that it was in a state of "brain death", and that the Europeans, France and Germany in the lead, undertook to try to consolidate European response capacities in the face of emerging threats . Four years later, while Russia has reignited a security crisis in Europe on a scale comparable to that of the War...

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By announcing the delivery of Iskander-M missiles to Belarus, V.Putin launches a new major crisis in Europe

In 1997, NATO and the Russian Federation signed a bilateral agreement committing, in particular, the two parties not to extend their respective tactical nuclear strike capabilities beyond their existing format. In other words, NATO undertook not to deploy nuclear weapons beyond the 5 countries participating in the Alliance's shared deterrence (Germany, Belgium, Italy, the Netherlands and Turkey), whereas Russia pledged not to deploy or transfer its nuclear weapons beyond its borders. In fact, when during a new meeting with his Belarusian counterpart Alexander Lukashenko, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced that Russia…

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The French Navy demonstrates the relevance of the double crew to arm its frigates

In 2019, the General Staff of the French Navy announced the start of an experiment allowing two FREMM frigates of the Aquitaine class, the Aquitaine based in Brest, and the Languedoc based in Toulon, to be equipped with 2 crews , similar to what has long been practiced for its nuclear-powered submarines. The Bretagne frigate was also double-crewed in 2020, and now all FREMMs of the Aquitaine and Alsace classes will be equipped with this feature. The objective is to allow ships to maintain an activity at sea for 180 days a year, while reducing the pressure on…

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Iraq, Serbia, Colombia: The Rafale still on the offensive on export markets

2021 will have been, without a doubt, the year of the Rafale, with 188 aircraft ordered for export by Greece (18+6 units), Croatia (12 aircraft), Egypt (30 aircraft), the UAE (80 aircraft) and Indonesia (42 aircraft), in addition to the 96 Rafale previously ordered by Egypt (24 aircraft), Qatar (24+12 aircraft) and India (36 aircraft) . In doing so, the flagship of Dassault Aviation and of the entire French aeronautical industry, is approaching the export scores of its predecessor, the Mirage 2000 with 284 aircraft ordered by 7 countries, against 298 aircraft ordered by 8 countries for the 2000. However, the French aircraft manufacturer does not intend to stop…

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The 4 major advances of the new Chinese aircraft carrier CV-18 Fujian

As expected, the new Chinese aircraft carrier, dubbed CV-18 Fujian, was launched on Friday in Shanghai, marking a new stage in the industrial and operational evolution of the People's Liberation Army Navy. Beyond the undeniable industrial success for Beijing, which will have launched in less than 12 years 3 aircraft carriers of increasing technology and tonnage, the Fujian constitutes a key asset for the Chinese Navy in its showdown in the making with the US Navy and its allies, offering several major advances in the capabilities that will be available to the Chinese military and industrialists in the years to come, ranging from electric propulsion…

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Can France lease nuclear attack submarines from Australia?

The announcement of the Australian decision to unilaterally cancel the contract for the local construction of 12 conventionally powered Attak-class submarines by Prime Minister Scott Morrison in September 2021 was, in substance as well as in form , perceived by France as a deep humiliation, provoking one of the most serious diplomatic crises in recent decades between France and the triptych gathered around the new AUKUS alliance, Australia, the United States and Great Britain. For Canberra, it was a question of turning to nuclear-powered submarines, considered more capable of meeting the future needs of…

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KF51 vs EMBT: Speckled foil duel between Rheinmetall and KNDS around the MGCS program

Like the SCAF next-generation combat aircraft program, the Main Ground Combat System, or MGCS, program, aimed at designing the replacement for the German Leopard 2 and French Leclerc tanks, is encountering many difficulties. In addition to the deep doctrinal differences which oppose in the specifications between the Army and the Bundeswehr, the industrial sharing between the main actors, the German Rheinmetall on the one hand, and the groups Nexter and Krauss Maffei Wegman gathered in the KNDS group on the other, is also the subject of intense tension. Indeed, the Munich group, which is also very politically introduced to the Bundestag, the German parliament, is not from…

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Can we save the European SCAF next-generation fighter program?

Announced in 2017 by Emmanuel Macron and Angela Merkel, the SCAF program for Future Air Combat System aims to develop, by 2040, a new generation combat aircraft (the 6th at the last count), the Next Generation Fighter, as well as a a set of systems designed to provide the aircraft with unparalleled operational capabilities. Since its launch, the program has found itself on several occasions faced with major difficulties, whether related to political arbitration and in particular to the requirements of the German Bundestag, to the difficult industrial sharing between the 3 participating countries (Germany, France and Spain) and the conceptual and doctrinal differences between the armed forces…

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SCAF: the towel burns between Dassault Aviation and Airbus DS

The least we can say is that optimism was not de rigueur about the SCAF next-generation combat aircraft program at the Paris Air Forum. Obviously, the two main players in the program, the French Dassault Aviation and the German Airbus Defense & Space, did not manage to agree on the distribution of roles around the Next Generation Fighter pillar, the most imposing of the program which must design the combat aircraft at the heart of the Future Air Combat System, or FCAS. And for Eric Trappier, president of Dassault Aviation, it is now necessary that the decision be taken at the level…

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