Bringing France's defense effort to 3% of GDP: necessary? sufficient? sustainable?

During his last hearing as Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces by the Defense and Security Commission of the National Assembly, General Lecointre, questioned by a deputy on what the armies would need to find a defensive posture comparable to that of the 60s and 70s, replied not without malice “4% of GDP, like at that time”. Beyond the touch of humor of a remarkable soldier with a more than exemplary career, General Lecointre clearly posed to the deputies the problem which underlies the efficiency and performance of our armies today, namely the 'nerve of war', the budget they...

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The French Ministry of the Armed Forces publishes a revision of the 2017 Strategic Review

Upon his arrival at the Elysée, President Emmanuel Macron ordered the drafting of a Strategic Review in order to frame the objectives of the new Military Programming Law 2019-2025. While the intention was certainly the right one, the constraints that surrounded the drafting of this document, in particular compliance with the format of the armies laid down by the 2013 White Paper, as well as the budgetary framework, which is certainly growing, but already fixed, have severely limited the expected benefits of the exercise. As expected, the Strategic Review presented in the fall of 2017 proved to be extremely consensual and missed several important points, such as the return of commitment...

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The 7 challenges Defending the 2022 Presidential in France

Defense issues had been pushed into the background during the previous French presidential election in 2017. The majority of candidates had simply committed to a spending target of 2% at the end of the five-year term, and had striven to debate subjects without real foundation, such as the return to conscription, even though the soldiers themselves constantly warned about the unrealistic aspect of the proposals put forward. Fortunately, and to the surprise of many, the elected president, Emmanuel Macron, respected his commitments by enforcing a Military Programming Law (LPM) allowing the Armies, if not to rebuild their capacities, throughout…

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Faced with General Lecointre, French deputies are worried about the format of the Armies

The hearings of the chiefs of staff of the French armies by the commissions of the National Assembly and the Senate are often the occasion to glean certain information on the programs in progress. But during the hearing of the Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces, General François Lecointre, by the Defense Committee of the National Assembly, within the framework of the Finance Bill 2021, these were above all the concerns of several deputies, coming from different political factions, who marked this session. Indeed, 4 of the 13 deputies present asked the French Chief of Staff questions relating to the format of the armies in the current evolving geostrategic framework. So the MP...

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Will Turkey be the revealer of the failure of La Défense Europe?

Defense Europe was one of candidate Emmanuel Macron's major campaign themes during the 2017 presidential elections. No sooner had he been elected than he undertook to give substance to this vision, by launching several programs in strategic partnership with Germany. Since then, he has never stopped trying to convince his European counterparts of the merits of this purely French vision of a Europe sufficiently powerful militarily and industrially to no longer depend on the protection or technologies of an ally to ensure its protection, and the preservation of its interests in the world. Today, tensions with Ankara highlight conceptual differences if…

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Can we still rely on nuclear deterrence?

On November 5, 1956, a Franco-British expeditionary force landed in Egypt to regain control of the Suez Canal recently nationalized by President Gamal Abdel Nasser, in a military operation organized jointly with Israel, which had seized the Egyptian Sinai a few days earlier. early. Despite the military successes of this coalition, the Franco-British troops withdrew after only a few days, when the Soviet Union threatened Paris and London with nuclear strikes. Even if NATO declared at the time that such a Soviet action would lead to a response of the same nature, Washington also pressured its two European allies to obtain their withdrawal, by carrying out an attack...

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President E. Macron lays the foundations for a renewed French defense strategy

The speech given this morning by French President Emmanuel Macron to the War School trainees was awaited by the National Defense community, but also European. And the least we can say is that these expectations were justified. Indeed, in a speech lasting just over an hour of incredible density, the French President drew up a realistic but worrying assessment of the future of international security, in Europe as in the world, and traced the outline of the French position, whether in terms of deterrence, defense of Europe, intervention in foreign theaters, and the role of…

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The format of the French Armies is too weak according to the Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces

The format of the French armies results, today, from two master documents, namely the White Paper of 2013, ordered by President Hollande after his election and published in 2014, and the Strategic Review of 2017, ordered after the election of President Macron, and published a few months later. However, the first was written before the major geostrategic upheavals that marked the current decade (Crimea, Donbass, China Sea, Daesh, etc.), and the second was instructed to respect the framework defined by this same White Paper. In fact, and for 7 years now, the format of the French armies has been evolving on the basis of a…

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Air Force Fighters Will Have 3000 War Missions Ready for 10.000 Flight Hours in 2017

The Air Force has published its annual OPEX activity report for 2017. We learn in particular that the Rafales of Operation Chammal carried out more than 1500 war missions for 8000 flight hours and more than 400 munitions fired . The mirages 2000 of the Barkhane operation in the Saharan zone have, for their part, carried out approximately the same number of missions, for 3000 flight hours. We also learn that the 5 Reaper drones alone have completed almost 6000 flight hours for less than 400 missions. The Awacs air traffic control, KC135 in-flight refueling, and C130, C160 and…

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