Synthesis 2020: Turkey challenges and distrusts the West

2019 had already been marked by growing tensions between the Western camp and Ankara, with the acquisition of S-400 anti-aircraft systems from Russia, the exclusion of Turkey from the F-35 program and the intervention of the armies forces in northern Syria against the Kurds of the YPG, allies of the anti-Daesh coalition led by the United States in the country. She was also shaken by revelations about the troubled relations between the Turkish regime and the Armed Islamic Group, as well as with many Islamist militias present in Syria. However, it is indeed 2020 that will mark Turkey's historic shift to…

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Turkey at the heart of a node of polymorphic crises in the Eastern Mediterranean

By misuse of language, reference is generally made to the strong tensions between Greece and Cyprus and Turkey when it comes to the crisis in the Eastern Mediterranean. This theater concentrates, in reality, a large number of actors, all with different objectives, and yet all in tension as a result of the out-of-control behavior of the Turkish president in the area. France, Russia, Egypt, Israel, European Union, all are today involved in a crisis which could have considerable implications. President Erdogan has indeed launched, in recent years, a series of military operations and troop movements that have led all of his neighbors, such as…

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These 5 international crises that threaten world peace

In just a few weeks, several areas of international tension have evolved into crises threatening to turn into open conflict, with a significant risk of extension, to the point of threatening even peace on a planetary scale. Indeed, these major crises have this in common that they all involve, directly or indirectly, nuclear nations that are permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, most of the time facing each other. In this article, we will provide a quick summary of the 5 major crises that potentially threaten to escalate into conflict, and involve nations with nuclear weapons. 1- The Belarusian crisis For little…

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Egyptian parliament authorizes deployment of fighting military forces in Libya

The Egyptian parliament unanimously authorized, on Monday July 26, the deployment of Egyptian combat forces in Libya to "protect the country and its interests" in the face of the push by the forces of the Government of National Accord (GNA in English) of Tripoli supported by the Turkish armed forces and militias, against the forces of General Khalifa Haftar, threatening in particular the city of Sirte and the Al-Jufra air base, two strategic sites for Cairo, which had already declared in the past that it would not hesitate to intervene if GNA forces were to threaten them. For the authorities of Tripoli, the only body recognized by…

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Is the attitude of the Turkish navy in the Mediterranean a threat to Europe and NATO?

For more than a year, Recep Tayyip Erdogan's Turkey has been providing massive support to the GNA, the Libyan government of national unity which opposes militarily the National Liberation Army of Marshal Haftar (see our two-part dossier on Turkish involvement in Libya). In a few months, the human and material reinforcements conveyed by Turkey and Qatar succeeded in reversing the tactical situation in the region of Tripoli, hitherto besieged by the ANL and its allies. In recent weeks, however, Turkish support for the GNA has pushed Ankara into playing a particularly dangerous game vis-à-vis the European Union and NATO, whose…

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Turkish drones in Syria and Libya reportedly destroyed around 1 Pantsir-SXNUMX air defense systems

Commissioned in the early 2010s, the Russian Pantsir-S1 medium-range anti-aircraft defense system quickly presented itself as a formidable opponent for any air force. Particularly complete, mobile and economical to purchase, the Pantsir-S1 could be purchased in large quantities and represented a small bubble of protection against any air vector: plane, drone, missiles, helicopters. In any case, this is how its designer, the KBP design office, has long presented the Pantsir-S1, heir to a long tradition of mobile air defense systems. In recent months, however, operational realities have overtaken commercial discourse. Widely engaged in Syria and…

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Could the Libyan civil war redefine modern air combat? Part 2/2

This article is the second part of a reflection started in a previous article available here. In recent months, the Libyan civil war has intensified on several fronts, including the conduct of air and anti-aircraft operations. In the camp of the ANL as in that of the GNA, the mini-drones were gradually supplemented by tactical drones, then by armed MALE drones. In the first part of this article, published yesterday, we explained how the use of armed drones to carry out targeted strikes led each side to acquire modern anti-aircraft systems. The latter, particularly expensive, have in turn been…

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Renewed tensions between Paris and Ankara over Libya and Cyprus

Relations between French President E. Macron and his counterpart RT Erdogan have already been very undiplomatic in recent months, both regarding the Turkish intervention in northern Syria and the policy of fait accompli that is trying to implement the Ottoman authorities around the huge gas field discovered near Cyprus, and which depends on the independent part of the island, a member of the European Union. But in recent days, tensions have taken a new step, when the French president openly accused RT Erdogan of not respecting his commitments in Libya, by fueling the conflict with mercenaries…

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