US Navy Changes Planning Targets To Respond To Chinese Threat

The end of President Trump's mandate was, as we know, chaotic to say the least. One area, among others, puzzled many observers, that of industrial planning and the format of the US Navy, marked by initiatives as late as disproportionate from the US administration. Thus, a few weeks before the inauguration of President-elect Joe Biden, Donald Trump passed a law conferring very high format objectives on the US Navy, with 355 combat ships in 2030, and more than 500 buildings in 2045, even though no realistic planning had been implemented on this subject during the 4 years...

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The US Navy studies the concept of a light aircraft carrier to replace the super aircraft carriers of the Ford class

Shortly before his ouster by Donald Trump, Secretary of Defense Mark Esper presented his "Battle Force 2045" plan, which proposed to implement by 2045 a naval force of 500 units, of which nearly 200 would be autonomous or with a reduced crew, in order to be able to meet the challenge now posed by the Chinese Navy. In addition to the many autonomous ships and the increase in the number of frigates and submarines, this plan also proposed to replace part of the very expensive super aircraft carriers of the Ford class by light aircraft carriers, intended to carry out operations more specific for which…

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The end of Donald Trump's tenure puts the American defense community under high tension

Never in the recent history of the United States, a transition between the president in office and the president-elect will have generated so many tensions and threats for the durability of the American institutions themselves. Not satisfied with having already placed very complex situations to manage for his successor, as in the case of the sale of F35A to the United Arab Emirates, Donald Trump is in fact directly threatening the Pentagon, by carrying out actions potentially fraught with consequences in the hope to stay in post beyond January 20th. This was particularly the case when the President vetoed the Pentagon's 2021 budget at the…

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The United States and India stand united against China

For several years, Washington has been trying to bring New Delhi back into the Western Defense sphere, in order to potentially contain Beijing's rise in military power, a rise in power that is becoming more pronounced every year. While cooperation between the two countries had so far been limited to an increase in arms contracts for India, the visit to New Delhi by the American Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo, decidedly on all fronts these recent weeks, and of Marc Esper, the Secretary of Defense, made it possible to considerably advance the common front of the United States and India to contain Chinese ambitions in Asia. Traditionally unaligned since its…

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Logistics, tankers, ammunition: the Pentagon "concrete" the fundamentals

After years of budgetary wandering and reckless spending, the Pentagon's budget is today the subject of all the attention, as much by the General Staffs as the executive and the Congress, as the needs observed are so great, while the budget remains fixed or constrained to slow growth. If it is true that when he arrived at the White House, Donald Trump gave priority to the Pentagon budget, with an increase of nearly 15% between 2016 and 2018, planned US defense spending is expected to stagnate in 2020 and 2021, then to grow by “only” 3 to 5% per…

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Submarines, light aircraft carriers, robotic ships .. the US Navy details its upcoming format

What was until now only a supported hypothesis has now taken on the stature of a long-term project. Indeed, Mark Esper, the American Secretary of Defense, detailed yesterday during a speech, the provisional format of the US Navy in the 25 years to come. As said previously, the objective will be to reach, by 2045, a format of 500 combat ships while respecting the objective of 355 buildings in 2030, in order to contain the Chinese rise in power. But far from being a simple homothetic extension of the current format, this new format, largely constrained by its budget and its human volume, also leads to a profound upheaval...

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New Pentagon plan to increase US Navy fleet by 70%

The current size of the US Navy fleet is the result of decisions made in the mid-70s and early 80s to deal with the growing Soviet naval threat in 3 areas: the arrival of new units high seas, such as the Kirov and Slava cruisers supported by modern destroyers Sovreimeniye and Udaloy, the reinforcement of the fleet of long-range bombers with the entry into service of the Tu-22M Backfire, and the submarine threat with the entry into service of high-performance attack submarines such as the Alpha and Akula, and discreet submarines such as the Victor…

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The 355 ships targeted by the US Navy will be insufficient against China according to Mark Esper

If, for the past two years, the question that animated the US Navy was how to achieve the goal of a combat fleet of 355 ships by 2030, as demanded by President Trump in recent months have seen the positions of both the US Navy and the Secretary of the Armed Forces, Mark Esper, change considerably on this issue. Indeed, the United States seems to have become aware of the threat that Chinese naval industrial power now represents on the naval hegemony of the American Navy, even though this tool remains at the heart of the country's foreign policy, and its military engagement capabilities…

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To respond to China, the US Navy will profoundly modify the structure of its fleet

After 8 months of waiting, the new US Navy Shipbuilding Plan will be presented to US Secretary of Defense Mark Esper next week. It will not be a question of one but of three plans, to best respond to the political and budgetary arbitrations that will be carried out. Without the nature and composition of the plans having been disclosed, it nevertheless appears that they are all based on the same paradigm, namely the increase in the volume of the fleet through increased use of automation and naval drones. For Mark Esper, and obviously now for the Pentagon, the US Navy can no longer rely...

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The US Navy will have to reduce the tonnage of its aircraft carriers to maintain its format

The Gerald R. Ford nuclear aircraft carrier is unquestionably today the most powerful combat ship that has ever sailed the oceans. Designed to support a very high intensity activity, and to withstand saturating attacks and multiple damage, it represents the archetype of the combat aircraft carrier intended to implement the some 65 combat aircraft and the ten helicopters which form its embarked air group closest to the adversary. But the Gerald R. Ford class suffers from a major defect, its price! With a unit construction cost exceeding $12 billion, and an overall cost of ownership of…

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