For many years, long before President Macron's arrival at the Elysée Palace, the French position on defense had always been more independent than that of its neighbors vis-à-vis American protection. In 2017, when tensions between Berlin and Washington were at their peak, Emmanuel Macron and Engels Merkel launched several industrial and political initiatives to give substance to a very ambitious and quite old project, Defense Europe. However, as relations between Germany and the United States normalized from the following year, the Franco-German cooperation programs gradually withered, largely from…Read the article
Can Europe put an end to the war in Ukraine?
Last week, an analysis published by the think tank Rand Corporation studied the risks linked to the extension in the duration of the Ukrainian conflict, as well as the solutions that could be put forward by Washington to contain them. Like most of the studies published by the Rand, this one was at the same time very relevant, documented and objective, in the diagnosis as in the recommended solutions. However, this one started from a basic postulate which requires a certain prudence as for the applicability of the results presented: indeed, this study studied the conflict in Ukraine only from the point of view of the action of Washington and its…Read the article
The US Senate will oppose the sale of F-16s to Turkey until Sweden and Finland join NATO
Since the joint announcement made by Stockholm and Helsinki regarding a candidacy of the two countries to NATO in a procedure claiming to be urgent because of the war in Ukraine, Ankara and its President RT Erdogan have repeatedly argued his right of veto on the pretext that the two countries, and Sweden in particular, would welcome "terrorists" from the Kurdish Workers' Party and the Gulenist movement responsible, according to the Turkish authorities, for the 2016 coup attempt. Despite attempts at negotiations between the 3 capitals, it quickly became clear that the demands made by Ankara were unacceptable...Read the article
For the RAND think tank, the stalemate in the conflict in Ukraine would directly threaten US interests
Created in 1948 by the American aircraft manufacturer Douglas, the Rand Corporation is today one of the most influential think tanks in the United States, particularly with regard to military and international affairs, especially since unlike other other major American think tanks, it is not politically affiliated. In fact, his analyzes are most often evaluated with great attention by both American political decision-makers and the Pentagon. Since the start of the Ukrainian crisis, the Rand has produced a large number of often very relevant analyzes at a sustained pace. The latest analysis published on January 27 deserves special attention. In…Read the article
President Erdogan raises the stakes for Sweden's NATO membership
A few days ago, President Joe Biden publicly announced that he expected the United States Congress to accept the acquisition of 40 new F-16V Viper fighters, as well as 80 modernization kits to enable the Turkish Air Force to carry a part of its F-16 C/D fleet to this new, significantly more efficient standard, in particular due to the AESA AN/APG-83 radar. For the White House, it was a question of obtaining from President Erdogan that he withdraw his veto concerning the accession of Sweden and Finland to NATO, following the request made by these countries after the Russian aggression against Ukraine. We would have…Read the article
How will the 5 low-lethal strategic threats upset the global military balance?
The concept of strategic strike emerged during the Second World War, first through the German Blitz against British cities which took place between the end of the Battle of Britain itself, in September 1940, and May 1941 when the Luftwaffe was redirected to the East in anticipation of Plan Barbarossa. It was a question, for the German strategists and in particular for Herman Goehring commander of the Luftwaffe, of destroying the will of resistance of the British themselves, by striking not only military targets like bases and factories, but also the big cities of the countries, such as London, but also Coventry, Plymouth, Birmingham and Liverpool.…Read the article
Once again, President RT Erdogan opposes NATO membership of Sweden and Finland
Not surprisingly, Turkish President RT Erdogan announced last Friday that he would oppose Sweden and Finland joining NATO, despite recent efforts by Stockholm and Helsinki to meet the requirements of the Turkish authorities. As before, the Head of State explains his decision, which turns out to be a blocker for the accession of the two Scandinavian countries to the Atlantic Alliance since it requires unanimity of votes, by the policies followed by the two countries. in matters of asylum, and in particular with regard to certain members of the Turkish Workers' Party or designated as such by Ankara, but also with regard to…Read the article
After London and Berlin, Tokyo and Rome temporize their defense budget ambitions
During the first months following the start of the Russian offensive in Ukraine, many countries, in Europe and elsewhere, announced significant increases in their defense effort, in order to cope with the reorganization of the threat and geopolitics. world. Thus, on February 27, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz announced to the Bundestag the implementation of a €100 billion envelope to finance the Bundeswehr's critical equipment files, as well as the rapid increase in the German defense to reach, and even exceed, 2% of GDP. As a result, many other countries, hitherto reluctant to…Read the article
Turkey Sanctions Dropped From New 2023 US Defense Budget Bill
Since 2020, following the delivery of S-400 systems to Russia, the US Congress has systematically included in the laws governing annual US defense spending, the ban on the executive branch from lifting the technological sanctions imposed on Ankara. It was then a question of limiting the capacity to circumvent the veto posed by Congress by the Trump administration, which is quite reluctant in this area, and rather inclined to more flexibility vis-à-vis Turkey and its president. RT Erdogan. The same provision was incorporated into the National Defense Authorization Act 2022, when the new administration of Joe Biden, too, wanted the partial lifting…Read the article
Should we take inspiration from the South Korean “3 axes” doctrine to contain the Russian nuclear threat in Europe?
In terms of deterrence, the classic doctrine employed since the start of the Cold War is based on the balance of nuclear strike and response capabilities on both sides. Beyond the European theater and the confrontation between the Warsaw Pact and NATO during the second half of the XNUMXth century, this was also applied elsewhere on the planet, as in the standoff between the India and Pakistan, or in the control of the Chinese and North Korean nuclear threat by the United States. The main potential target of North Korean missiles, South Korea, for its part, is not equipped with weapons…Read the article