The French Navy demonstrates the relevance of the double crew to arm its frigates

In 2019, the General Staff of the French Navy announced the start of an experiment allowing two FREMM frigates of the Aquitaine class, the Aquitaine based in Brest, and the Languedoc based in Toulon, to be equipped with 2 crews , similar to what has long been practiced for its nuclear-powered submarines. The Bretagne frigate was also double-crewed in 2020, and now all FREMMs of the Aquitaine and Alsace classes will be equipped with this feature. The objective is to allow ships to maintain an activity at sea for 180 days a year, while reducing the pressure on…

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Did Sweden shoot itself in the foot regarding its NATO candidacy?

In order to protect her Minister of Justice from a vote of no confidence, Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson negotiated an agreement with Swedish MP Amineh Kakabaveh of Kurdish origin and former Peshmerga, guaranteeing her not to give in to Turkish demands regarding the Swedish membership in NATO. Since the announcement of Finnish and Swedish candidacies to join the Atlantic Alliance, Turkish President RT Erdogan has shown himself to be very hostile to this possibility, blaming the two Scandinavian countries not only for the arms embargo pronounced by Stockholm against Ankara, but also a complacent policy towards Kurdish refugees, and in particular members of the YPG and…

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Why is a defense effort of 2% of GDP insufficient for France?

Upon his arrival at the Elysée Palace in 2017, the new President Emmanuel Macron made a major effort to bring France's defense effort to 2% of its Gross Domestic Product, as France had committed to in 2014 during the NATO summit in Cardiff. To achieve this, the new executive implemented a new Military Programming Law from 2019 to 2025 aimed at achieving this objective, as well as at repairing the numerous and sometimes dramatic deficiencies from which the French armies suffered after 20 years of under-investment. of a particularly heavy operational activity. This was a paradox for this designated period…

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The United States fears the trivialization of Russian and Chinese “blackmail to deterrence”

Barely a few days after the start of military operations in Ukraine, Vladimir Putin ordered, in a very publicized manner, his Chief of Staff and his Minister of Defense to put the Russian strategic forces on high alert, in response the first round of sanctions from the United States and Europe against Russia in response to this aggression. Since then, Moscow has repeatedly repeated its strategic threats in an attempt to prevent the West from interfering in the ongoing conflict, and to provide growing support to the Ukrainians. If this did not prevent the United States, Great Britain and many European countries from delivering armaments...

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US Congress may authorize the export of new F-16 Block 70 Vipers to Turkey

In October 2021, the Turkish authorities had officially submitted a request to the Foreign Military Sales, or FMS, the American organization in charge of arms export files to the allies of the United States, to acquire 40 new F-16s. Block 70 Viper and 80 kits to bring its own aircraft to this much more advanced and efficient standard than the F-16 C/D Block 52 currently in service with the Turkish Air Force. If President Biden promised to do what he could to bring this request to fruition, the American Congress, which firmly controls US arms exports, had opposed it, against the background of the crisis concerning the acquisition…

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Turkey remains determined to receive a second Russian-made S-400 anti-aircraft battery

Since the start of the Russian offensive in Ukraine, Turkey has shown a posture consistent with its NATO alignment, in particular by closing the straits and thus preventing Russian ships positioned in the Mediterranean from reinforcing the Navy fleet. Black. In addition, Ankara has actively supported Kyiv's military effort, in particular by delivering Bayraktar TB2 drones, the latter having played an important role in harassing Russian units during the offensive against Kyiv, as well as in the conduct of Ukrainian strikes against Russian naval units present in the Black Sea, including against the cruiser Moskva. This change of…

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The United States plans to strengthen its deterrent capabilities in Europe

Implemented from the mid-60s in the midst of the Cold War, and in a very confidential manner, NATO's shared deterrence allowed the armies of its members to use American nuclear weapons, with a principle known as "double keys", the United States and the leaders of the European armies implementing these weapons both having a "key" making it possible to arm the nuclear charges, the designation of the targets being, on the other hand, the responsibility of the integrated command of the Alliance, not states themselves. Over the years, this system has evolved to bring together, on a permanent basis, only 5 members of…

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Sweden joins Finland to join NATO

Since the end of the Second World War, Sweden and Finland have shared a common destiny in Europe. The two countries thus maintained a neutral posture throughout the Cold War, joining neither NATO nor the Warsaw Pact, and not even joining the European Economic Community despite a deep democratic culture and ties close links with the countries of Western Europe, and dramatic episodes such as the assignat of Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme. After the collapse of the Soviet bloc, Stockholm and Helsinki jointly joined the European Union in 1995, but with no threat from the East, neither...

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Germany, Poland, Slovakia: European tanks soon in Ukraine?

How far we have come since the day after the start of the Russian offensive in Ukraine, a German diplomat reportedly replied to his Ukrainian counterpart that there was no sense in sending military equipment to the Ukrainian armies, since the latter would be swept away in a few days. In fact, for the past few days, declarations have multiplied in Europe, and more generally in the whole of the Western camp, in favor of much more sustained support given to Ukraine in terms of defense equipment, including the heavy equipment requested for several weeks by Kyiv to stand up to the waves of assault launched by Moscow. Already, last week, Prague had confirmed…

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With the delivery of Slovak S-300PMUs, the West shifts into high gear to support Ukraine

While since the beginning of the conflict, the West had been confined to reacting on the international scene against Russia, in particular by delivering only light or defensive armaments to Ukraine, the dynamic seems to have evolved considerably in recent days. Thus, after the announcement of the delivery of several dozen T-72M1 tanks and BMP-1 infantry fighting vehicles from the reserves of the Czech army, it is the turn today of Slovakia to announce the transfer of its unique S-300PMU long-range anti-aircraft defense battery to Ukraine, information confirmed by Slovak Prime Minister Edouar Heger on Twitter. Britain, from its…

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