KF51 vs EMBT: Speckled foil duel between Rheinmetall and KNDS around the MGCS program

Like the SCAF next-generation combat aircraft program, the Main Ground Combat System, or MGCS, program, aimed at designing the replacement for the German Leopard 2 and French Leclerc tanks, is encountering many difficulties. In addition to the deep doctrinal differences which oppose in the specifications between the Army and the Bundeswehr, the industrial sharing between the main actors, the German Rheinmetall on the one hand, and the groups Nexter and Krauss Maffei Wegman gathered in the KNDS group on the other, is also the subject of intense tension. Indeed, the Munich group, which is also very politically introduced to the Bundestag, the German parliament, is not from…

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MGCS: Italy, Poland, Norway and Great Britain could join the program from 2023

Resulting from a preliminary study launched jointly by France and Germany in 2012, the Main Ground Combat System program, or MGCS, was officially launched in 2017 by Emmanuel Macron and Angela Merkel to replace in 2035 the French Leclerc tanks and the German Leopard 2s, alongside 3 other emblematic programs of Franco-German cooperation in the defense industry, the Future Air Combat System or SCAF to replace the Rafale and Typhoon in 2040, the Common Indect Fire System or CIFS to replacing self-propelled guns and multiple rocket launchers in 2035, and the Maritime Airborne Warfare System or MAWS to…

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SCAF, MGCS… Will the new European military equipment arrive too late?

In an interview given to the site lesecho.fr, Franck Haun, the CEO of the KNDS group which brings together the German Krauss Maffei Wegman and the French Nexter, called on the French and German governments to accelerate the Main Ground Combat System or MGCS program, which according to him, at the current rate of things, should not reach a delivery before 2040 and even 2045. If the considerations of Franck Haun are above all industrial, calling in particular to widen the program on the European scene, the fact remains no less true than an objective analysis of the schedules of current programs, MGCS like SCAF, the combat aircraft program...

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Does the Euro-fundamentalism of the Ministry of the Armed Forces harm the equipment capacities of the Armies?

For nearly a decade, the Ministry of Defense, which has become the Ministry of the Armed Forces, and the Directorate General for Armaments, which oversees all industrial programs for the Armed Forces, have almost systematically given preference to a European vision of Defense programs. . Thus, during his last hearing, the General Delegate for Armaments, Joel Barre, ruled out the possibility of giving preference to Dassault Aviation's Falcon X for the replacement of the Atlantic 2 of Patrouille Maritime, if the MAWS program were to have to be done without Germany (which has just ordered 5 American P-8A Poseidons to replace its oldest P-3Cs), arguing that it…

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Should France develop a medium tank in parallel with the MGCS program?

It is now no secret that the risk of seeing the French armies engaged in a High Intensity conflict has increased considerably in recent years, and will increase in the years and decades to come. It is in this context that Paris and Berlin launched, in 2017, several industrial defense programs in cooperation, the most symbolic of which are the new generation SCAF combat aircraft program to replace the French Rafale and German Typhoon, and the MGCS combat tank program, to replace, among other things, the Leclercs of the Army and the Leopard 2s of the Bundeswehr.…

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Why does European cooperation fail so often?

In July 2017, in the midst of a trench war between Washington and Berlin on defense issues and the balance of trade, Emmanuel Macron and Angela Merkel announced the launch of vast Franco-German industrial cooperation in the field of defence, with no less than 4 major programs, the Future Air Combat System or SCAF intended to replace the French Rafale and German Typhoon, the Main Ground Combat System or MGCS intended to replace the Leclerc and Leopard 2 heavy tanks, the Maritime Airborne Warfare System or MAWS to replace the Atlantic 2 and P3C Orion maritime patrol aircraft, and the Common Indirect Fire…

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Will the SCAF program survive Angela Merkel's departure?

Since its announcement a few months after the election of Emmanuel Macron as President of the French Republic in 2017, the Future Air Combat System, or SCAF, program has encountered many obstacles, to the point of being twice already on the brink of breaking. In question, deep divergences and contradictory ambitions between French, German and Spanish expectations, and above all a flagrant lack of confidence between the 3 actors of the program, and especially between France and Germany. And the statements of the German Ministry of Defense relayed by the site of the daily Der Spiegel are far from clarifying this picture...

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New partners, new capabilities: Berlin has big ambitions for the MGCS program

If the first discussions around the Main Ground Combat System program, or MGCS, date from 2012, this program intended to replace the heavy armored component in France (Char Leclerc) and Germany (Leopard 2 tank) has come to the fore. from 2017 and the election of French President Emmanuel Macron, when he integrated it with a set of other Franco-German programs including the SCAF intended to replace the Rafale and Typhoon aircraft, and the MAWS intended to replace the aircraft Maritime Patrol Atlantic 2 and P3C Orion. The Franco-German couple, stimulated by tensions between Berlin and Washington following the arrival of Donald…

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Military drones and ethics: real debate or pretense?

Since their entry into service some twenty years ago, drones have regularly made the news, particularly in an area where the development of combat systems is little expected, namely ethics. Fueled by a popular culture rich in cinematographic and literary references, many political personalities, but also scientists, soldiers and philosophers, have seized on the debate in an attempt to understand and control the evolution of these new systems and prevent the appearance of the famous "killer robots". This debate, against a backdrop of ethical values ​​but also of very real fears of automated runaway combat, does it have foundations and objectives...

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Is technology moving too fast for industrial defense programs?

For 2 years, the United States Marine Corps has begun a deep reflection on the nature of its mission in the years to come, and on the means at its disposal to carry it out successfully against a technologically advanced adversary with significant military resources, such as the Chinese People's Liberation Army, all in a budgetary context that is at best fixed, at worst declining. The first advances in this thinking came to light with the publication last year of a new intervention doctrine for the Corps, based on smaller, much more mobile and agile units, acting in…

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