What are the strengths and weaknesses of the French Navy?

The entry into service of the new Alsace frigate, which offers enhanced anti-aircraft capabilities while retaining the anti-submarine warfare and anti-ship warfare capabilities of the Aquitaine-class FREMMs, was rightly , hailed as an important step in the effort to modernize the French Navy. Many other programs are underway to support this effort, including the FDI defense and intervention frigates, the Suffren class nuclear attack submarines, the Jacques Chevallier class tanker tankers, the future Ocean Patrollers or again the SLAM-F Mines war program, all to enter service during…

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Arleigh Burke, Kongo, Super Gorshkov: Modern Destroyers - Part 2

This article follows the article “Hobart, Type 52D, Sejong le Grand: modern destroyers – Part 1” published on May 24, 2021, which presented the Hobart (Australia), Type 052D/DL (China), Sejong le Grand (South Korea) and Kolkata (India). The second part completes this panel of the 8 main classes of Modern Destroyers, with the Kongo class (Japan), Arleigh Burke (United States), Daring (United Kingdom) and 22350M Super Gorshkov (Russia).

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Are aircraft carriers now too vulnerable to be useful?

Since the announcement of the launch of the French New Generation Aircraft Carrier program by the President of the Republic, many voices have been raised to question the relevance of such an investment, particularly in the face of the threat represented by, now, long-range hypersonic anti-ship missiles, such as the Russian 3M22 Tzirkon, or the Chinese DF26. According to them, and according to others, particularly in the United States, such behemoths of the seas are easily located, and therefore constitute prime targets for new enemy anti-ship missiles. However, a factual and objective analysis of the capabilities offered by aircraft carriers, as well as the reality of…

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France has deployed its fleet in the Eastern Mediterranean against Turkey

The French Navy has announced that it has deployed in the Eastern Mediterranean from 4 to 13 November, a powerful surface combat fleet, made up of the light stealth frigate Lafayette, the anti-submarine frigate Latouche-Tréville, and the defense frigate aerial Forbin, the most powerfully armed of the French Navy's combat surface units. This naval device, designated Surface Action Group or SaG by the Admiralty, which also includes an Atlantic 2 maritime patrol aircraft based in Crete, and an Air Force Awacs E3F Sentry forward air control aircraft, is the one of the most imposing deployed by France in the last two…

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The Italian Navy will receive its new super-destroyers from 2028

For some years now, Italy has made no secret of its Mediterranean ambitions, as well as those in the field of shipbuilding. And the Italian naval unit construction plan presented in July 2019 was impressive, as it targeted a fleet consisting of an aircraft carrier, 3 to 5 assault helicopter carriers, 4 heavy destroyers including 2 new DDX units, 10 FREMM frigates (or 8 if the sale of 2 FREMM to Egypt is maintained) and 7 PPAs, 8 new generation corvettes, 8 AIP attack submarines and 12 warships of mines including 8 new buildings. This announcement was...

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The program of the new aircraft carrier of the French Navy soon officially launched

Since its admission to service in May 2001, the French nuclear aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle has traveled a distance of more than 30 round the world, and spent nearly 2500 days at sea. With its air group of nearly 30 aircraft including 24 hunters Rafale, It has established itself as a major naval unit for France and for Europe, and has intervened in all the conflicts in which France has participated over this period: Afghanistan, Libya, Mali, Syria. It has undeniably demonstrated the operational and also diplomatic efficiency that such a ship represents for a country like France. So…

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Despite the Covid19 crisis, Italy will increase its defense budget by nearly 10% in 2021

Italy was one of the countries most affected by the first wave of the Covid-19 virus this spring, with nearly 250.000 cases diagnosed and 35.000 deaths. It was also one of the most affected economically, with a fall in its GDP of more than 12%, without taking into account the effects of the current second wave. It is also the best-off European country in the Brussels recovery plan, with no less than €209 billion allocated to it to rebuild its economy, almost 30% of the overall envelope of this plan. Despite this, or perhaps because of it, the authorities…

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Is the attitude of the Turkish navy in the Mediterranean a threat to Europe and NATO?

For more than a year, Recep Tayyip Erdogan's Turkey has been providing massive support to the GNA, the Libyan government of national unity which opposes militarily the National Liberation Army of Marshal Haftar (see our two-part dossier on Turkish involvement in Libya). In a few months, the human and material reinforcements conveyed by Turkey and Qatar succeeded in reversing the tactical situation in the region of Tripoli, hitherto besieged by the ANL and its allies. In recent weeks, however, Turkish support for the GNA has pushed Ankara into playing a particularly dangerous game vis-à-vis the European Union and NATO, whose…

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Aircraft exchanges between the Charles De Gaulle and the USS Eisenhower strengthen the interoperability of the French and American navies

Definitely, with the Foch mission, the French Naval Air Group (GAN) is not idle. Leaving Toulon on January 22 with its escort, the nuclear aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle participated for three weeks in Operation Chammal, the French component of the fight against the Islamic State in the Levant. This was followed by a highly publicized one-week stopover in the Cypriot port of Limassol, in order to show France's commitment alongside Cyprus and Greece in the face of Turkish threats of retaliation. Having returned to sea on February 26, heading for the North Atlantic, Task Force 473 (NATO designation of the GAN) crossed the…

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The 6me FREMM, Normandy, begins its trials at sea.

Barely a week after the entry into service of the frigate Bretagne, 5th unit of the FREMM class, it is Normandy's turn to begin its sea trials. The FREMM Normandie is the 6th unit of the class of multi-mission frigates. Like Brittany, it will have sold off its 16 medium-range Aster 15 anti-aircraft missiles for long-range Aster-30 missiles, the same equipping the Forbin-class Horizon air defense frigates, and the 2 future Air Defense FREMMs, Alsace and Lorraine, which will enter service in 2021 and 2022 respectively. The Brittany and Normandy FREMMs retain…

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