France invests, each year, between 5 and 7 billion euros to finance the most important component of its defence, namely its nuclear deterrence. Relying on 4 Triomphant-class ballistic missile submarines, each armed with 16 M45 and M51 intercontinental ballistic missiles, as well as two squadrons of Rafale fighters armed with ASMPA supersonic nuclear missiles, French deterrence is designed to keep in check any adversary who comes to threaten the country or its strategic interests, even if it is itself equipped with a deterrent force. In the years to come, with the development of new 3rd generation nuclear ballistic missile submarines…Read the article
Tag: European Union
Anti-ballistic missiles: 4 essential arguments in favor of MBDA for the European EHDI program
In November 2019, Finland, Italy, the Netherlands and Portugal, led by France, joined forces within the new European Structured Permanent Cooperation, or PESCO, to design a new anti-ballistic system capable of counter emerging threats, including missiles and hypersonic gliders under the TWISTER program. A year later, Berlin decided to join the program, after the abandonment of the MEADS program by Washington. For the French MBDA and its Italian partner Aliena Aerospace, there was no doubt that the future program would be piloted by these two countries, the two companies being, with the French Thales, at the heart…Read the article
Sweden joins Finland to join NATO
Since the end of the Second World War, Sweden and Finland have shared a common destiny in Europe. The two countries thus maintained a neutral posture throughout the Cold War, joining neither NATO nor the Warsaw Pact, and not even joining the European Economic Community despite a deep democratic culture and ties close links with the countries of Western Europe, and dramatic episodes such as the assignat of Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme. After the collapse of the Soviet bloc, Stockholm and Helsinki jointly joined the European Union in 1995, but with no threat from the East, neither...Read the article
With the delivery of Slovak S-300PMUs, the West shifts into high gear to support Ukraine
While since the beginning of the conflict, the West had been confined to reacting on the international scene against Russia, in particular by delivering only light or defensive armaments to Ukraine, the dynamic seems to have evolved considerably in recent days. Thus, after the announcement of the delivery of several dozen T-72M1 tanks and BMP-1 infantry fighting vehicles from the reserves of the Czech army, it is the turn today of Slovakia to announce the transfer of its unique S-300PMU long-range anti-aircraft defense battery to Ukraine, information confirmed by Slovak Prime Minister Edouar Heger on Twitter. Britain, from its…Read the article
Finland to apply to join NATO
Throughout the Cold War, Finland, which shares a 1300 km border with Russia, maintained a posture of neutrality vis-à-vis the Soviet Union and the Western bloc. If, like Sweden, it joined the European Union in 1995, it had never shown any desire to do the same vis-à-vis NATO. On the contrary, a few months ago, the majority of Finnish public opinion was opposed to such an approach, even if for several years Helsinki had been drawing closer militarily to the United States and the Western bloc, and distancing itself from Moscow. The war in Ukraine will have generated, in this country, a profound…Read the article
Should European military support for Ukraine be increased?
Very few, even among the best informed, had imagined that after 5 weeks of combat, the Russian Special Military Operation would be so contained by the Ukrainian defenders, and that the Russian armies would have suffered material and human losses as well. important. However, today, despite its extraordinary firepower and air force, it is the Russian army that goes into a defensive position on many fronts, and even retreats in the face of certain Ukrainian counter-attacks, especially around Kyiv. However, this perception given both by the Western media and by the very efficient Ukrainian war communication, does not allow…Read the article
Can Russia still impose itself militarily in Ukraine?
“The Special Military Operation in Ukraine is proceeding according to plan”. This is how General Igor Konashenkov, spokesman for the Russian Defense Ministry, presented his daily briefing yesterday, Thursday March 10, after 15 days of war. However, many information radically contradict this statement, and it seems, on the contrary, that this military operation which was to be only a formality for the super-powerful Russian army, is turning into a veritable quagmire for Vladimir Putin. Faced with appalling losses in man and material, a difficult progression, distended lines, a Ukrainian resistance much more efficient and determined than envisaged as well as a response and mobilization...Read the article
How will the war in Ukraine transform strategic planning in Europe?
Just 3 weeks ago, very few in the West believed that Russia was indeed going to wage a global war of aggression on Ukraine. For many, the deployment of Russian force around Ukraine was intended to make President Zelensky bend over his NATO membership and the status of the breakaway republics of Donbass. For the best informed, like the General Staff of the French Armies, and as we discussed in an article of February 23, the military and political risks associated with such an offensive did not outweigh the potential benefits, so that such a decision appeared irrational and therefore little…Read the article
Will France align its defense effort with Germany?
Among the profound geopolitical upheavals caused by the Russian offensive in Ukraine, the announcement made on Sunday 27 February by German Chancellor Olaf Scholz to the Bundestag about the massive increase in the German defense effort, is undoubtedly the one that will have the most consequences in Europe in the medium and long term. Breaking with 30 years of chronic underinvestment by the Bundeswehr, which led the German Chief of Staff to publicly warn Berlin about the deteriorated operational capabilities of its armies from the first day of the conflict in Ukraine, Berlin announced a plan aimed at to modernize the German armies in the short term with…Read the article
The European Union deploys a cyber rapid reaction team to protect Ukraine
About ten days ago, several ministerial sites and the 3 most important Ukrainian banks were targeted by a massive cyber attack of the denial of access type, or DDOS. For nearly 24 hours, the communication capacities and services of these structures were thus paralyzed by this attack, the origin of which was attributed to groups of Russian hackers. In the current context of extreme tensions, the capacity for the Ukrainian authorities to maintain functional communication channels with the population and to maintain active banking services for the population, is as decisive as the operational military responses of its…Read the article