Sweden joins Finland to join NATO

Since the end of the Second World War, Sweden and Finland have shared a common destiny in Europe. The two countries thus maintained a neutral posture throughout the Cold War, joining neither NATO nor the Warsaw Pact, and not even joining the European Economic Community despite a deep democratic culture and ties close links with the countries of Western Europe, and dramatic episodes such as the assignat of Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme. After the collapse of the Soviet bloc, Stockholm and Helsinki jointly joined the European Union in 1995, but with no threat from the East, neither...

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Will France align its defense effort with Germany?

Among the profound geopolitical upheavals caused by the Russian offensive in Ukraine, the announcement made on Sunday 27 February by German Chancellor Olaf Scholz to the Bundestag about the massive increase in the German defense effort, is undoubtedly the one that will have the most consequences in Europe in the medium and long term. Breaking with 30 years of chronic underinvestment by the Bundeswehr, which led the German Chief of Staff to publicly warn Berlin about the deteriorated operational capabilities of its armies from the first day of the conflict in Ukraine, Berlin announced a plan aimed at to modernize the German armies in the short term with…

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4 sustainable budget models for the modernization and extension of the armed forces

In a surprisingly discreet media environment, several major crises that could potentially evolve into armed conflict between great powers are unfolding simultaneously on the planet, whether it is the crisis between Ukraine and Russia potentially involving NATO, the between Israel and Iran about the latter's nuclear program, or the crisis between Beijing and Taiwan, each of them bears the beginnings of a large-scale international conflict that could involve Europe, and France in particular . In this context, it appears that the means available to the French Armed Forces today are quantitatively insufficient and qualitatively unsuitable to deal with it. Indeed, the…

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Greece, Belgium .. These countries which show the way for Defense Europe

Since the resurgence of the concept of European defense following the election of President Macron in 2017 and the start of an active but oh so chaotic cooperation with Berlin, the progress recorded in the field has been mixed. At the European level, there is now no longer any doubt that the Permanent Structured Cooperation, or PESCO, represents an effective format for supporting this European cooperation, and the latest version of projects presented on November 16, 2021, marks in this respect a clear shift towards technological and industrial cooperation focused on operational objectives and shortened schedules, in accordance with the needs of the armies. In the field…

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What is the record of Emmanuel Macron's five-year term in terms of Defense?

With the confirmation of a new € 1,7 billion of the Army budget for the year 2022, bringing it to € 40,9 billion, i.e. an overall increase of almost € 9 billion since 2017, the government and the Minister of the Armed Forces, Florence Parly, confirm stricto-senso compliance with the 2019-2025 Military Programming Law, and the promises made by Emmanuel Macron during the previous presidential campaign

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Synthesis 2020: Black year for Defense Europe

2020 will have been marked by several crises in Europe, beyond the Covid-19 crisis, many of them linked to the ambitions of the Turkish government in the Mediterranean basin and in the Caucasus. But where in 2019, Europe was still trying to present a united front and the ambition to move towards the creation of a Europe of Defense and a European Strategic Autonomy, these crises of 2020 will have highlighted the deep differences between many European countries on this subject, and more particularly between Paris and Berlin, yet until now the driving force behind this initiative. The aftermath of the London NATO summit The start of the year was…

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Poland aligns with Germany in rejection of European strategic autonomy

To say that the Polish authorities are Atlanticists today is an understatement. Indeed, Warsaw has almost systematically favored the acquisition of American-designed defense equipment in recent years, while just as systematically ignoring the proposals of its European partners. During President Trump's mandate, the ties between Warsaw and Washington grew closer, to the point that the Polish authorities, in order to flatter the oversized ego of the American president, proposed to name "Fort Trump" the base where possible additional American troops on Polish soil. At the same time, the Polish authorities have always vigorously rejected European initiatives, and in particular French ones,…

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Germany is definitely turning its back on European strategic autonomy

No sooner had he arrived at the Elysée than President Macron undertook to launch, with Angela Merkel's Germany, several major defense equipment programs, in a dynamic never known until now. In turn, it was the next-generation combat aircraft program SCAF (Future Air Combat System), then the MGCS (Main Ground Combat System) combat tank program, followed by the CIFS artillery system program (Common Indirect Fire System), and very recently, the maritime patrol aircraft program MAWS (Maritime Airborne Warfare System).The stated objective of the French President was to strengthen the Franco-German couple in terms of Defense in view of…

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The Dutch trust the Franco-German couple more than the United States in matters of defense

It seems that a schism is being created between the political class and public opinion in the countries of northern Europe, in particular with regard to defense issues. A recent Dutch poll shows, in fact, that 72% of the Dutch trust France and Germany more for international and defense issues, while only 10% prefer to keep their faith in Washington. A remarkable evolution of the positions of the Batavian public opinion which was, until now, a pillar of the European attachment towards the United States. Is European public opinion changing faster than the positions of…

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Will Turkey be the revealer of the failure of La Défense Europe?

Defense Europe was one of candidate Emmanuel Macron's major campaign themes during the 2017 presidential elections. No sooner had he been elected than he undertook to give substance to this vision, by launching several programs in strategic partnership with Germany. Since then, he has never stopped trying to convince his European counterparts of the merits of this purely French vision of a Europe sufficiently powerful militarily and industrially to no longer depend on the protection or technologies of an ally to ensure its protection, and the preservation of its interests in the world. Today, tensions with Ankara highlight conceptual differences if…

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