Why is a defense effort of 2% of GDP insufficient for France?

Upon his arrival at the Elysée Palace in 2017, the new President Emmanuel Macron made a major effort to bring France's defense effort to 2% of its Gross Domestic Product, as France had committed to in 2014 during the NATO summit in Cardiff. To achieve this, the new executive implemented a new Military Programming Law from 2019 to 2025 aimed at achieving this objective, as well as at repairing the numerous and sometimes dramatic deficiencies from which the French armies suffered after 20 years of under-investment. of a particularly heavy operational activity. This was a paradox for this designated period…

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France to deliver CAESAR mobile artillery systems to Ukraine

In an interview focusing on international political issues given to the regional daily Ouest-France, President Macron indicated that beyond the diplomatic efforts carried out in coordination with Ukraine to maintain contact with the Kremlin, France had also stepped up its effort to deliver armaments to Ukraine, citing MILAN anti-tank missiles as well as, and this is a first, CAESAR 155mm mobile artillery systems, a gun renowned for its high precision, range and its great mobility

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Will France align its defense effort with Germany?

Among the profound geopolitical upheavals caused by the Russian offensive in Ukraine, the announcement made on Sunday 27 February by German Chancellor Olaf Scholz to the Bundestag about the massive increase in the German defense effort, is undoubtedly the one that will have the most consequences in Europe in the medium and long term. Breaking with 30 years of chronic underinvestment by the Bundeswehr, which led the German Chief of Staff to publicly warn Berlin about the deteriorated operational capabilities of its armies from the first day of the conflict in Ukraine, Berlin announced a plan aimed at to modernize the German armies in the short term with…

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How the Russian-Ukrainian war redrawn the world geopolitical map in a few days?

Beyond the heroic resistance of the Ukrainians and their president against the Russian forces, and the obvious change of strategy in the Kremlin's attack plan returning to a more conventional but also much more violent strategy vis-à-vis the civilian populations, Vladimir Putin's decision to launch this offensive against Ukraine has provoked, on an international scale, a geopolitical tidal wave of unprecedented magnitude since the fall of the Berlin Wall. Because if the Russian soldiers have seriously underestimated the resistance capacity of the soldiers but also of the Ukrainian civilians, the Kremlin has, for its part, deeply underestimated the unity and the response that will be demonstrated…

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Russian military deployment around Ukraine reaches critical threshold

For several months now, since November 2021, the Russian armies have been deploying and stationing a large number of troops around Ukraine, whether along the border with Donbass, in Crimea, and along the northern border. from the country. At the Fun of December, physical and satellite observations made it possible to estimate the number of soldiers deployed in the immediate vicinity of Ukraine's borders at 100.000, and at around sixty the number of combined arms battalions, the Russian equivalent of the Battle Group Inter-Armes, or GTIA, French, constituted. But in recent days, Moscow has carried out a significant reinforcement of the forces deployed,…

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Industry, jobs, geopolitics and technology: the key points of the Rafale contract in the United Arab Emirates

The announcement of the exceptional order of 80 Rafale combat aircraft by the United Arab Emirates was received in France in a contrasting manner. As has now become the rule with each announcement of a major defense contract, a significant number of political leaders, but also NGOs, journalists and editorial writers have questioned the relevance of this contract. It is true that the same arguments are not always put forward. Thus in the case of Greece or Croatia, the reservations put forward concerned the payment capacities of the country, but also the impact on the fleet of…

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In addition to the Rafale contract, the UAE orders 12 H225M Caracal from Airbus Helicopters

Obviously, Emmanuel Macron did not travel for nothing during his express tour of the Middle East from December 2 to 4. Indeed, in addition to the historic contract of €16 billion for the delivery of 80 Rafale combat aircraft to the F4 standard and a stock of MICA NG and Scalp missiles, the United Arab Emirates has also ordered 12 H225M maneuver helicopters from France. Caracal, for an estimated amount of between €700m and €800m. This providential order for Airbus Helicopter and in particular for the Marignane site where the aircraft will be assembled, will allow the European helicopter manufacturer to pass without incident the few…

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United Arab Emirates orders 80 Rafale F4s from France for € 16bn

If an order for Rafale aircraft was expected during Emmanuel Macron's whirlwind visit to the Gulf countries from December 2 to 4, very few hoped that it would reach such a volume! Indeed, the French President and his Emirati counterpart, Crown Prince Sheikh Mohammed Bin Zayed Al-Nahyan, commonly known as MBZ, signed two contracts this morning for a record amount of €16 billion relating firstly to the acquisition 80 Rafale aircraft to the F4 standard for €14 billion, including the aircraft but also maintenance infrastructure, spare parts and staff training, as well as a €2 billion contract with…

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Is Germany ready to do anything to preserve Russian gas?

In recent weeks, tensions between Moscow and kyiv have again crossed not one, but several levels. Not only do the Russian armies continue to amass considerable troops on the borders of Ukraine, facing the Donbass or in the Crimea, but Russian internal propaganda has become very active in presenting Ukraine to Russian public opinion, but also NATO, as the aggressors and even the instigators of the current tensions. In addition, Moscow has now instrumentalized dictator Lukashenko's Belarus, not only by exploiting the waves of migrants from Iraq and Syria against Poland and the Baltic States, but also by artificially growing...

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Florence Parly confirms the replacement of the 12 used Rafale sold to Croatia

This puts an end to a long suspense, as well as to certain concerns. Indeed, the Minister of the French Armies Florence Parly, traveling to Zagreb for the signing of the sale of 12 second-hand Rafales to Croatia, confirmed by a tweet that the devices, which will be taken from the fleet of the Army de l'Air et de l'Espace, will effectively be replaced by an order to be launched in 2023. at this time according to the planning of the Act…

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