With 3 SSBNs at sea, the French deterrence posture at its highest since 1983

There are unmistakable signs of the level of tension that exists between the West and Russia, against the backdrop of Russian aggression in Ukraine. Thus, barely a few days after the launch of what is presented by Moscow as a "Special Military Operation", and which is obviously turning into a nightmare for the Russian armies, the Kremlin had announced the heightened alert of its forces. of deterrence. If at the time, the Western nuclear powers had not publicly raised the threat so as not to aggravate the situation, they nevertheless drew their own conclusions. So we learn...

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Likely arrival of Greens in German government threatens SCAF program

For several months, military industrial cooperation programs between France and Germany have been in difficulty, not to say frankly threatened. Whether it is a repositioning of the German authorities in favor of the transatlantic link following the election of Joe Biden, excessive and unbalanced industrial ambitions between the actors, or differences in the operational expectations of the armies of the two countries , the tensions between Paris and Berlin are increasing, creating in the process a growing hostility of public opinion vis-à-vis these programs, and this on both sides of the Rhine. As if that weren't enough, a Damocles Sword has now materialized above...

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SNLE3G: Should we go back to a 6-submarine deterrent?

On 19 February, the Minister for the French Armed Forces, Florence Parly, announced the launch of the design program for the next new-generation nuclear missile submarines, often referred to by the acronym SNLE 3G, being the third generation of this type of submersible built by France. The 4 new ships will be armed with 16 M51 intercontinental ballistic missiles with a range exceeding 10.000 kilometers and each carrying up to ten nuclear warheads with an independent trajectory of 100 kilotons, 6 times the power of the bomb dropped on Hiroshima. This announcement marks Paris' desire to preserve its strategic independence as well as its capacity…

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Can we still rely on nuclear deterrence?

On November 5, 1956, a Franco-British expeditionary force landed in Egypt to regain control of the Suez Canal recently nationalized by President Gamal Abdel Nasser, in a military operation organized jointly with Israel, which had seized the Egyptian Sinai a few days earlier. early. Despite the military successes of this coalition, the Franco-British troops withdrew after only a few days, when the Soviet Union threatened Paris and London with nuclear strikes. Even if NATO declared at the time that such a Soviet action would lead to a response of the same nature, Washington also pressured its two European allies to obtain their withdrawal, by carrying out an attack...

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How have hypersonic weapons changed the data of modern military action?

This week again, hypersonic weapons represented a significant part of the World Defense technological news. In Russia, engineers announced that they had successfully fired the first 3M22 Tzirkon missile from the Admiral Gorshkov frigate, while the development of a mini version of the Kh47M2 Kinzhal airborne missile was started in view of being able to implement it at from the holds of the new Su-5 57th generation fighter. In the United States, the US Army presented a scale model of its Long Range Hypersonic Weapon, a land-launched hypersonic missile that is to perform its first test in 2023. In this…

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The first American submarine equipped with tactical nuclear war missiles to set sail

During the Cold War, both sides had missiles and bombs with low-power nuclear payloads, intended for use not against opposing cities or industrial infrastructure, but against military forces. We were talking then about tactical nuclear weapons. The doctrine of the time wanted it to be possible to make use of these weapons, without exceeding the threshold triggering strategic fire, namely the reciprocal elimination of the adversaries with intercontinental ballistic missiles implementing strategic nuclear charges of several hundreds of kilograms. Already at the time, many voices were raised against such scenarios, judging that it was impossible...

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US Air Force removes gravitational nuclear bombs from arsenal of its B-52Hs

The ability to use the B61 gravitational nuclear bomb was one of the main arguments that led Belgium to choose Lockheed's F35 to replace its F16s, and to neglect European-made aircraft, such as the Typhoon or the Rafale. This is also an argument regularly put forward by the United States and NATO to get Germany to reconsider its decision not to equip itself with the F35A to replace its Tornado, which still carries the B61, or at least to favor the F/A 18 E/F Super Hornet over the locally built Typhoon in this competition. However, the US Air...

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The new W76-2 US low power nuclear bomb worries the world

In 2018, President Trump included in the strategic review the need for a low-power nuclear weapon, which can be used as a tactical and pre-strategic weapon. The work for the construction of this new weapon, designated W76-2, and having a limited power of 5 to 7 kilotons, that is to say the equivalent of the bombs launched on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945, began there is little in the factory of Pantex, a site specializing in the secure production of nuclear weapons located in Texas. However, the existence of a nuclear weapon of this type causes many concerns throughout the world. For China, by creating a gray area between the…

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