Greece ready to spend €2 billion to modernize its Leopard 1 and 2 heavy tanks

If the United States and some of the Europeans tend to soften their positions vis-à-vis Turkey, the Greek authorities and military, for their part, are far from sharing this hope about a possible change of method. and objectives on the part of the Turkish President, R. T Erdogan, and a normalization of relations with Ankara. While Greece can rely on solid growth of 8,1% in 2021 and more than 7% expected in 2022, and its public finances are again in the green, Athens can now focus on modernizing its its ground forces, after devoting…

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MGCS: Italy, Poland, Norway and Great Britain could join the program from 2023

Resulting from a preliminary study launched jointly by France and Germany in 2012, the Main Ground Combat System program, or MGCS, was officially launched in 2017 by Emmanuel Macron and Angela Merkel to replace in 2035 the French Leclerc tanks and the German Leopard 2s, alongside 3 other emblematic programs of Franco-German cooperation in the defense industry, the Future Air Combat System or SCAF to replace the Rafale and Typhoon in 2040, the Common Indect Fire System or CIFS to replacing self-propelled guns and multiple rocket launchers in 2035, and the Maritime Airborne Warfare System or MAWS to…

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German Rheinmetall presents the Lynx 120, a new high-performance medium tank

In August 2021, we published on Meta-Défense an analysis highlighting the relevance, for armies and the French defense industry, of developing a medium tracked armored platform and a high-performance medium combat tank, allowing, among other things, to make up for a major capacity deficit in the Army in terms of high-intensity combat between now and the arrival of heavy armored vehicles from the Franco-German MGCS program at the end of the next decade. Indeed, with only 200 economically modernized Leclerc tanks, and 650 VBCI infantry combat vehicles now more suitable for low and medium intensity, than for…

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Hungarian Lynx IVCs will be equipped with ADS StrikeShield hard-kill protection from Rheinmetall

With a budget of only €2,5 billion in 2021, representing 1,5% of GDP, and a workforce of 20.000 men, the Hungarian armed forces are among the smallest in Europe. But the country has embarked, in 2020, on a vast program aimed at modernizing its military capabilities, with the aim of achieving a defense effort of 2% of GDP in 2025, in accordance with the country's commitments to NATO. And if Budapest does not plan to significantly extend the format of its forces, these will be particularly well equipped, in application of the Zrinyi 2026 plan launched in 2026. Among the country's most significant acquisitions in recent months,…

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New partners, new capabilities: Berlin has big ambitions for the MGCS program

If the first discussions around the Main Ground Combat System program, or MGCS, date from 2012, this program intended to replace the heavy armored component in France (Char Leclerc) and Germany (Leopard 2 tank) has come to the fore. from 2017 and the election of French President Emmanuel Macron, when he integrated it with a set of other Franco-German programs including the SCAF intended to replace the Rafale and Typhoon aircraft, and the MAWS intended to replace the aircraft Maritime Patrol Atlantic 2 and P3C Orion. The Franco-German couple, stimulated by tensions between Berlin and Washington following the arrival of Donald…

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New British Challenger 3 tank unveiled

Prior to the publication of the new Integrated Strategic Review, many rumors had circulated in Great Britain concerning severe cuts to certain key British Defense capabilities. Among them were a severe downward revision of the number of F35s ordered by the Royal Air Force, the reduction in the number of Royal Navy frigate, as well as the pure and simple elimination of the 3 battalions of heavy tanks which the British Army, and which are equipped with the Challenger 2 heavy tank. Finally, the heavy tank will remain in service in the British Army, since 148 Challenger 2 will be gradually brought to…

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OMFV program to replace US Army M2 Bradleys back on track

Among all the branches of the US Army's BIG 6 super-program, intended to give the US Army the necessary means to impose itself during the wars to come, the Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle program, or OMFV, is probably the most urgent, and in a sense, the most critical, since it is to replace the M2 Bradley infantry fighting vehicle. This armored vehicle, one of the 5 programs of the BIG 5 super-program launched in the 70s, entered service in 1981, and has now reached the canonical age of 39 years. But it's not so much her age as her plumpness inherited from almost 40 years of modernization...

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Nexter challenges Rheinmetall with its ASCALON cannon for the MGCS program

For the German Rheinmetall, the case was understood: the experience and the reputation acquired by the designer of the Rh-120 L44 120 mm gun which equips the Leopard 2 justified, according to the Düsseldorf group, on their own, that the design of the main gun of the Franco-German MGCS program is attributed to him. For this, Rheinmetall intended to rely on its new 130 mm L/51 gun, presented 5 years ago, despite the tests carried out by the French Nexter, who had experimented with a new 140 mm gun. on Leclerc chassis in 2019, as part of the Future Tank Main Armament program,…

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Germany wants a European close air defense program SHORAD

Close anti-aircraft defense is undeniably one of the great vulnerabilities of modern European armies. After 30 years of asymmetrical engagements during which the air threat was non-existent or controlled by air power alone, Western armed forces gradually saw their short-range anti-aircraft systems from the Cold War, such as the Franco-French Roland German, or the British Rapier, withdrawn from service, sometimes to be replaced by short-range infantry anti-aircraft missiles such as the Mistral and the Stinger. However, if these missiles do indeed provide a timely response to engage aircraft, they do not, however, offer any advanced detection system allowing…

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With the Skyranger 30, Rheinmetall positions itself on SHORAD systems in Europe

With the return of the threat of so-called High Intensity conflicts, i.e. opposing heavily equipped armies and having access to advanced technologies, many European armies were again interested in close anti-aircraft defense systems, or SHORAD (Short Range Air Defense) for the English acronym, in order to be able to protect mobile forces and sensitive sites against combat aircraft, helicopters or cruise missiles. But the central role that drones and roving ammunition played by Azeri forces during the 2020 Nagorno Karabakh war highlighted the urgency…

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