The Pakistani ballistic and Mirvé Ababeel missile soon to be operational?

It was in 2017 that Pakistan made public the development of a new medium-range ballistic missile, the Ababeel missile. With a range of 2200 km, this missile does not reach the 2750 km of the Shaheen-III developed since the early 2000s, and whose first test took place in 2015.

However, the Ababeel constitutes a decisive step in the development of the Pakistani nuclear triad, as is the case with the Babur-3 medium-changing cruise missile which is supposed to equip the Agosta-90B submarines of the Pakistan Navy.

Indeed, the missile brings with it a crucial development for the country's deterrence, the mirvage. Under this commonly used barbarism hides the acronym MIRV which stands for Multiple Independently Targetable Reentry Vehicle, that is to say an independent atmospheric reentry and strike vehicle.

The ABABEEL missile, first Pakistani MRBM equipped with MIRV

Concretely, where the Shaheen-III, or the Babur-3, can carry a nuclear warhead of 5 to 40 kt, the Ababeel can transport three vehicles each carrying a warhead of the same power and a mass of 500 kg , and each capable of hitting a different target.

According to the Pakistani authorities, the missile could also carry, if necessary, up to 10 MIRVs weighing 185 kg, this time armed with a conventional charge.

The Ababeel Missile is the successor to the Pakistani Shaheen-III MRBM
With a range of 2 km, the Shaheen-III MRBM is the longest-range ballistic missile in Pakistan's arsenal.

If Islamabad had carried out the first test of a MIRV system in January 2017, the successful test firing of the Ababeel missile brings the entry into service of the MRBM (Medium Range Ballistic Missile) with a range of 1000 to 3000 km), and especially the mirrored system within the Pakistani nuclear triad.

Indeed, the assets currently in service within the Pakistani armies can potentially be intercepted by the anti-aircraft and anti-missile shield currently being deployed in India, made up of several layers ranging from ERADS and ERSAM anti-ballistic system developed by the DRDO, to the S-400 acquired from Russia.

Defying Indian anti-ballistic defense

Indeed, spurred on by the Chinese threat, the Indian armies have considerably increased their capabilities in this area, to the point of representing a threat to the strategic balance between the two enemy brothers on the Asian continent.

In this context, having a MIRV-capable missile represents an effective means for Pakistan to reestablish a certain form of strategic balance with its neighbor, which has considerably greater resources.

ERADS India DRDO
The Indian ERDAS system is gradually acquiring interceptors capable of countering MRBM and IRBM type threats.

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