Germany is interested in the Israeli Arrow 3 anti-ballistic system and is (still) unaware of the existing French solutions

While Paris and Berlin continue to proclaim loud and clear their common desire to cooperate in the field of defense technologies, numerous arbitrations carried out by the German authorities, before and after the change of government in December, show a situation well more complex, and a permanent rivalry between the two biggest economies of the euro zone, in particular in the field of Armaments. From the EuroSpike to the P8 Poseidon, from the F-35 to the ESSM, from the Apache to the Arrow 3, the past, present and future choices of the German armies in terms of equipment seem to systematically exclude alternatives. from France, and more generally from its European partners, for the benefit of US or Israeli equipment of equivalent performance and price at best. So much so that we can now, and very objectively, question the relevance for France of continuing this effort to bring the two countries and their defense industries closer together through joint projects.

un article published on March 27 by the German site Bild.de, indicates that Berlin would have approached Jerusalem with a view to acquiring the Arrow 3 anti-ballistic missile system co-developed by IAI and Boeing for the benefit of the Hebrew State in order to complete the anti-aircraft and anti-missile defense multi-layer of the country further consisting of the mid-range David Sling and the short-range Iron Dome. For Berlin, it is a question of responding in the relatively short term to the threat posed again by Russian ballistic missiles on its eastern facade and coming from Kaliningrad, in particular short-range ballistic missiles such as the Iskander-M and the Tochka-U widely used in Ukraine. Other echoes report discussions between Berlin and Washington about another anti-ballistic system, the famous THAAD implemented by the US Army. On the other hand, at no time does Berlin seem to have considered the possibility of getting closer to its two main European and neighboring trading partners, France and Italy, about another anti-ballistic system designed by these two countries, the Aster Block 1 NT, which nevertheless offers interception capabilities comparable to Israeli and American systems, while integrating into a global anti-aircraft defense architecture capable of intercepting other threats such as combat aircraft, helicopters and cruise missiles using Aster 15 and Aster 30 missiles.

France and Italy have developed a version dedicated to the interception of short and medium range ballistic missiles, the Aster Block 1 NT, and are working on the design of the Aster Block 2 designed to intercept the most modern missiles , including hypersonic weapons.

Knowing that Germany is also committed to modernizing its medium and long-range anti-aircraft capabilities, the European Aster would perfectly meet the needs of the Bundeswehr, especially since the system has also demonstrated its very high efficiency. both on land and at sea. However, there is no indication that the hypothesis was even considered by Berlin, as it has often been the case in recent years. Thus, the German Navy favored the choice of US-made anti-aircraft missiles, in this case the ESSM, to equip its new frigates, even though the European MBDA, in France as in Great Britain, offered solutions at least as efficient, such as the PAAMS based on Aster, the Sea Viper based on CAAM or the Mica VL NG. Previously, Berlin had also turned its back on its traditional French partner in the field of anti-tank missiles by favoring a partnership with the Israeli Rafael and its SPIKE missiles over MBDA's MMP and MAST-F missiles.


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