It was said to be outdated or too vulnerable, yet the battle tank has experienced a remarkable resurgence of interest in recent years from the major world armies. After having presented the main Western, Russian and Chinese tanks in the two previous articles, we will, in this final analysis, focus on lesser-known models, and yet efficient and promising, on the operational scene as in the field of export. Now it's time for the South Korean K2 Black Panther, the Turkish Atlay, the Japanese Type 10 and the Ukrainian BM Oplot.
South Korea: K2 Black Panther
Considered by many specialists to be the most modern and attractive tank in the Western bloc, the K2 Black Panther has nevertheless had a difficult development, and some of its elements, in particular its transmission and its engine, are still being weakened. Development of the K2 began in 1995 to replace the obsolete M48 Patton tanks of the South Korean Armed Forces, and was based on an early locally designed tank model, the K1 88 developed on the basis of the Chrysler XM1, which was used base to the design of the American M1 Abrams. It is, along with the Japanese Type 10 and the Turkish Altay, one of the only Western tank models that is not an evolution of an older model, as in the case of the German Leopard 2A7 or Abrams M1A2C Americans. 10,8 meters long for a combat mass of 55 tons, the K2 is a rather light tank compared to its European or American counterparts.
Due to its recent invoice, the K2 has many perfectly modern technologies. First and foremost, its MIL-12560H composite armor gives it basic protection similar to that of other heavy tanks, albeit lighter. In addition, it carries a full panoply of complementary defensive systems, ranging from reactive armor bricks to locally made soft-kill and hard-kill systems natively integrated into the armor, and not added as with Western tanks. Its armament is also perfectly level, with a 120 mm CN08 smoothbore cannon and an automatic loading system making it possible to support a rate of fire of 10 rounds per minute comparable to that of the French Leclerc, a benchmark in the field. In addition to the traditional arrow shells, shaped charge or breaking, the gun can also fire a missile designated KSTAM with a range of 8 km, following a parabolic trajectory before deploying a parachute in order to locate its target with a mixed infrared and radar seeker. , and strike it from above, like the Franco-Swedish BONUS shells.
The 3-man crew has a state-of-the-art detection and sighting system, combining the traditional infrared electronic systems and the laser range finder with a very high frequency radar, allowing the tank to catch targets up to 10 km, if a line of sight is available. Like the Leclerc, the K2 can thus fire with great precision on the move, while maintaining a high rate of fire. The system is designed so that the tank can remain operational with a crew of only 2 personnel, against 3 in normal staffing. On the other hand, the Black Panther encountered significant difficulties regarding the development of an engine and distribution of local invoice, obliging the first batch of 100 tanks to be equipped with an MTU MT-883 engine and a RENK transmission of German invoice, the second batch of 106 receiving a local Doosan DV27K engine but retaining the German distribution. Only the third batch of 54 units will be equipped with an entire South Korean propulsion system, with a Doosan DV27K transmission and the Doosan engine. This defect has apparently been crippling on the international scene since South Korea failed to impose its model in the competitions in which he has been engaged so far.
Japan: Type 10
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