Arleigh Burke, Kongo, Super Gorshkov: Modern Destroyers - Part 2

This article follows on from the article " Hobart, Type 52D, Sejong the Great: Modern Destroyers - Part 1 »Published on May 24, 2021, which presented the Hobart (Australia), Type 052D / DL (China), Sejong the Great (South Korea) and Kolkata (India) classes. The second part completes this panel of the 8 main classes of Modern Destroyers, with the Kongo (Japan), Arleigh Burke (United States), Daring (United Kingdom) and 22350M Super Gorshkov (Russia) class.

Kongo class (Japan, 4 + 2 + 2 units)

The Japanese Naval Self-Defense Forces are considered to be the 3rd most powerfully armed fleet in the world, playing on a par with Russia and ceding only to the US Navy and Chinese naval forces. And the 4 heavy destroyers of the Kongo class, to which are added the 4 heavy anti-aircraft destroyers of the Atago and Maya classes, contribute greatly to this position, alongside the 20s or so.Soryu and Taigei-class ocean attack submarines. Derived from the American Arleigh Burke-class destroyers shown below, the Kongo-class destroyers were the first non-American ships to feature the famous SPY-1 radar and the AEGIS system, which heretofore only equipped Ticonderoga cruisers. and the early Arleigh Burke. Construction of the 4 Kongo began in 1990 and was completed in 1998, in order to replace the Amatsukaze-class destroyers still equipped with the Tartar system and SM1-MR missiles, while the risk of having to face Soviet supersonic bombers Tu -22M3 Backfire-C and their AS-4 supersonic anti-ship missiles Kelt was taken more and more seriously by the Japanese Navy in the late 80s when the decision to build these ships was taken.

The Kongo-class destroyers approached the American Arleigh Burke at many points, from which they took over the AEGIS main weapon system and the SPY-1D radar.

161 m long for a loaded tonnage of 10.000 tonnes, the Kongo, like the American Burke Flight I, carry 90 vertical Mk41 silos to implement SM2 anti-aircraft missiles or ASROC anti-submarine missiles, as well as SM3 anti-ballistic missiles since the 2003 modernization. A 127 mm gun, 8 Harpoon anti-ship missiles, 2 CIWS Phalanx and 2 triple torpedo tubes complete the armament. Like the Burkes, the Kongo also have an SQS-53C hull sonar system, and use an SH-60J naval helicopter to enhance their ASM capabilities. Longer than 4 meters, the 2 destroyers of the Atago class were built from 2004 to 2008 to replace the destroyers of the Tashikaze class, also equipped with the Tartar system. Unlike the more versatile Kongo, the Atago were specialized for anti-aircraft and anti-missile warfare, and the protection of the Japanese coast against North Korean ballistic missiles. For this, the ships were fitted with the SPY-1D (V) radar, an evolution of the SPY-1D which equips the Kongo, but with much better performance near the coasts, in order to allow the ships to better protect the Japanese coast. . The 2 ships also natively carry the SM3 anti-ballistic missile, and have 96 vertical silos and not 90 like the Kongo. Although it has a hangar and a platform to operate an ASM SH-60J helicopter, it is rarely on board.

Both Maya class destroyers were built between 2017 and 2021, to replace the Hatakaze-class destroyers, the last Japanese naval vessels to use the Tartar system. Derived from the Atago, the Maya take the main characteristics, including the SPY-1D (V) radar and the 96 vertical silos. More modern, they can use the SM6 missile capable of striking ballistic missiles as well as ships and land targets. On the other hand, the two ships have a radically different propulsion architecture from that of the Kongo and Atago based on 4 LM-2500 gas turbines. The Maya, for their part, use a hybrid gas-electric propulsion known as COGLAG (Combined Gas turbine-eLectric And Gas), allowing to have a much greater electrical power than its predecessors, and therefore endowing them with a significant scalability. to implement directed energy weapon systems in the future, or a Rail Gun electric cannon.

Arleigh Burke Class (United States, 75 units +)

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