5 years. This is the time it took between the urgent call made by the American central command in Europe, the US European Command, for a close mobile anti-aircraft and anti-missile defense system, and delivery of the first Stryker M-SHORAD vehicles to the 5th Battalion of the 4th Anti-Aircraft Artillery Regiment of the 10th US Army, based in Ansbach, Bavaria. By the summer of 2021, the battalion will have perceived the 32 M-SHORADs that will constitute its inventory, giving back to the American mechanized forces deployed in Germany a self-defense capacity in this area largely eroded since the withdrawal of the antediluvian Chaparral systems and of the few Franco-German Roland 2 acquired by the United States in 1979, Since 1988, it has only relied on the FIM-92 Stinger infantry surface-to-air missile and the few Avanger systems for this mission, as well as on the coverage offered by the long-range MIM-104 Patriot system and on the air superiority that the US Air Force is supposed to guarantee.
More the arrival of new threats linked to the possible resurgence of high-intensity conflicts against technologically advanced potential adversaries, such as cruise missiles and stray munitions, as well as less confidence in the certainty of obtaining air superiority at all times in the face of multilayer anti-aircraft systems and hunting implemented by Russia or China, for example, led the General Staff of the US Army to rethink its strategy, and to launch several programs aimed at allowing units deployed on the ground to ensure, in an autonomous manner, their own self-defense in the face of these threats. The M-SHORAD System is the first response, but not the only one, provided to respond to this problem.
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