Much more than in most Western countries, the annual Pentagon budget is an extremely difficult political exercise in the United States. Defined by the administration in place, it was subsequently copiously amended by the American Congress, according to criteria sometimes far removed from the imperatives of defense, and gave rise to intense negotiations behind the scenes to be voted on. The preparation of the 2022 budget was no exception to the rule this year. Caught between the left wing of the Democratic Party, represented among others by Senator Bernie Sanders, supporter of a very significant reduction in military budgets to finance American social programs, and by a Republican Party braced on the objective of an annual increase of 5% above inflation, the American president had to come to terms with his partners, especially since he does not have a clear majority in the Senate to support his text. Fact, the amount presented, i.e. $ 715 billion, $ 11 billion more than for 2021 (not compensating for inflation), presents itself as a compromise budget, but also of transition.
Because beyond the political constraints and the pressures of all-round lobbyists who roam the corridors of the Capitol, Joe Biden had above all to meet the increasingly pressing expectations of the American HQs, all having simultaneously initiated major modernization programs. very credit-consuming, even though budgetary sustainability was not guaranteed. Thus, the US Army is engaged in its super program BIG 6, in reference to the famous BIG 5 program which gave birth to the Bradley infantry fighting vehicle, the M109 Paladin self-propelled gun, the Patriot anti-aircraft system or the UH60 Black Hawk maneuver helicopter in the early 70s, and which helped give the US Army a technological advantage on the battlefield for several decades.
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