On the occasion of the last meeting of the G7 organized by videoconference on Friday 19 February, French President Emmanuel Macron reiterated his call for a profound change in NATO to give it an organization and legitimacy in line with the developments in the world since the end of the Cold War and the disappearance of the Warsaw Pact. For the Head of State, the Alliance must tend towards a more balanced structure between the United States and the Europeans, but also towards a wider area of responsibility, in order to respond to the security challenges of the planet, with the objective of to make the alliance more effective, and more powerful in the years to come.
As often, the French proposals were softly received in Europe and across the Atlantic, in a mixture ranging from the bad interpretations of the president's remarks to the fear of destabilizing the diplomatic balances and balance of power within the alliance and on the stage. international, as well as a certain amount of bad faith on the part of certain leaders. However, how can we envisage this new NATO advocated by the French president, and what obstacles stand in the way of such an objective?
1- A more balanced NATO
The first point on which the French president insisted rests on a more balanced NATO, in its direction as in its functioning, between Europe and the United States. There is no question here of breaking with the American commitment to protect Europe if necessary, nor of giving up Washington's nuclear umbrella, but rather of getting Europeans to be able to ensure their own. self-defense, if the need arose, or if the United States, for one reason or another, could not fly to the aid of its allies as it did twice, or at least not in proportion guaranteeing victory.
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