When he came to power, Emmanuel Macron launched 4 major cooperation programs between France and Germany in defense equipment, with the objective of creating a dynamic that would eventually lead to the emergence of real European strategic autonomy. While Franco-German collaborations in this field were almost at a standstill for nearly 30 years despite many requests from Paris, Berlin gave a favorable reception to this French initiative, it is in truth largely spurred on by the attitude of President Trump hostile to NATO and very critical of Germany's lack of investment in defense.
In addition to the Eurodrone program, the origin of which is earlier, Paris and Berlin then agreed on the SCAF (Air Combat System of the Future) program intended to create a new generation combat aircraft, the program MGCS (Main Ground Combat System) for an NG heavy tank, the MAWS (Maritime Air Warfare System) program for maritime patrol and CIFS (Common Indirect Fire System) for artillery. These programs, although they covered a wide variety of subjects, had important points in common, such as a very high technological ambition characterized by the term "new generation" attached to all these projects, and consequently, a particularly long schedule. , with entry into service initially scheduled between 2035 (MGCS / CIFS) and 2040 (SCAF / MAWS).
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