Westerners often have the annoying habit of plastering their own tactical and strategic views on the armies and equipment of other countries. This is how many military experts and commentators have evaluated the performance of the S-400 system not in the context of integrated multi-layered anti-aircraft defense for which it was designed, but in isolation, creating analysis biases significantly altering the validity of the conclusions put forward. The same is true for a number of equipment in production in Russia or China, in the field of armor, aircraft, ships and submersibles, and strategic capabilities.
It is this somewhat narcissistic approach which is at the origin of the current strategic reversal, with on the one hand China which has positioned itself on a trajectory to play on an equal footing with the United States in 2035, and Russia which in a few years has once again become a central player in global geopolitics, thanks to a few programs that have alone upset the balance of power in Europe and the Middle East, in both cases without Westerners being able to anticipate the situation before it appears in broad daylight.
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