Announced just a year ago, the TWISTER program, for Timely Warning and Interception with Space-based TheatER surveillance, is undoubtedly the most ambitious European program developed within the framework of permanent structured cooperation, or PESCO, of the European Union. Led by France, the program brought together Finland, Italy, the Netherlands and Portugal, at its launch, with the aim of developing a European anti-missile system capable of intercepting new threats, including hypersonic missiles and atmospheric gliders, today beyond the reach of existing anti-missile systems.
Berlin was not actively participating in the program, having only observer status and moreover invested in the TLVS program in cooperation with the United States and based on the Patriot PAC-3 MSE interceptor, in order to replace its batteries Patriot acquired in the 90s. But since then, the TLVS program has faced many difficulties, and above all has seen its overall cost soar, to more than € 13 billion according to the latest estimate given by the American Lockheed and its European partner, MBDA Deutschland. Was it this incredibly high price that made Berlin react? Anyway, according to the spokesperson for the Ministry of Defense, Germany joined the European TWISTER program, the latter being judged in accordance with German expectations, by transforming its status of observer into that of partner.
The rest of this article is for subscribers only
News articles are accessible 24 hours, and Magazine articles are accessible 48 hours. Beyond that, they can only be viewed by subscribers to the Meta-Defense service. Articles dealing with sensitive subjects are reserved for subscribers as soon as they are published.
Personal subscription at € 4,95 per month or € 49,5 per year - Professional subscription at € 18,00 per month or € 180 per year - Student subscription at € 2,5 per month or € 25 per year - Excluding promotional code -
Download theMobile Meta-Defense app for IOS or Android to be informed of new publications by notification.