Since the end of the Cold War, and the collapse of the Soviet bloc, many world armies, including the American armies, have moved away from concepts of symmetrical employment to increase their effectiveness in campaigns where counterinsurgency engagement was de rigueur. Little by little, the armies became lighter, to gain mobility and reactivity, and concentrated their investments towards immediate needs, such as drones or armored vehicles protected against IEDs, to the detriment of heavy skills, such as heavy mechanized combat, electronic warfare or maneuver beyond brigade level.
While the Western armies adapted to the engagements in Afghanistan, Iraq or Mali, China and Russia maintained their efforts to acquire new high-intensity skills, to the point of now surpassing the forces of the United States in many areas. 'NATO and their allies. After the first alert given by the annexation of Crimea and the construction of artificial defensive islands in the China Sea, the United States began, from 2015, a gradual shift to reconfigure the armies and their doctrines in order to be able to regain dominance in high intensity combat. With the acceleration and intensification of global tensions, how is the Pentagon preparing to face the military challenges ahead in the face of adversaries as competent and well equipped as the American forces, and as their allies?
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