On the occasion of the NATO Cardiff summit in 2014, Germany, like all members of the alliance, pledged to increase its defense spending to 2% of its GDP. 'by 2025. But the implementation of this commitment came up against many considerations of domestic policies, as well as of economic doctrines specific to Germany, so that today, the country invests only 1,38 % of its GDP in Defense, and warned its NATO partners that in 2025, its objective was to invest not 2% but 1,5% of its GDP in this area. This decision hardly surprised Berlin's European partners, and in particular France, to the extent that the two countries have agreed since the remilitarization of federal Germany, to have Defense expenses of the same order. Since German GDP is 30% higher than that of France, targeting 1,5% defense spending, Berlin is at the same level as Paris at 2%.
On the other hand, it provoked the ire of US President Donald Trump, who undertook to bring Berlin back to its initial commitments, by threatening to withdraw the American contingent present on German soil. In reality, it was much more, for President Trump, to get Berlin to increase its acquisitions of American defense materiel and equipment, as the Japanese and South Korea did, so as to reduce the American trade deficit with these country. Indeed, many other European countries do not respect the 2% rule, and will not respect it by 2025, without being under the constant fire of the presidential diatribe. Thus, Italy, with only 1,3% of its GDP devoted to La Défense, and Belgium, which invests only 1% of its GDP in this area, have even been rewarded with a relocation of troops. American taken from the device deployed in Germany. The Netherlands, meanwhile, have recently indicated that they are also considering not reach 2% in 2025. It is true that these countries have had the delicacy of choose to acquire the American F35, rather than a European aircraft, and that the trade balance gap with the United States is much less problematic.
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