Inherited from the American occupation following the defeat of the Empire of Japan during the Second World War, the Japanese constitution prohibits the country from having a military force, as well as weapons likely to strike other countries. If the reasons which led General McArthur to design such a constitution had a certain legitimacy at the end of the war (in addition to the urgency of the need and the lack of experience of American diplomats in the matter), they quickly lost their importance. weight with the onset of the Cold War, and the intensification of tensions between the Western camps of which Japan, like Federal Germany, was part, and the communist bloc, led by the Soviet Union, and quickly joined by the Popular China of Mao Tze Dong. It was therefore admitted that Japan could have an armed self-defense force, without however authorizing the country to acquire projection forces, and armaments that could be qualified as offensive, such as ballistic missiles, doorways. -planes or long-range bombers.
Throughout the Cold War, this framework seemed sufficient, especially as the United States maintained a powerful military force on Japanese soil, a military force which, for its part, had offensive armaments that Japan could not possess, among other things. , aircraft carriers. But the global geostragetic situation, and in particular that of the Pacific theater, has changed profoundly since the end of the Cold War, and Tokyo is today forced into more and more acrobatic convolutions to bring evolution and modernization into conformity. of its self-defense forces, and its constitution, the initial framework of which now appears to be a straitjacket that is more dangerous than restrictive to guarantee the security of the Japanese archipelago and its inhabitants.
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