For more than ten years, France has been looking for a lasting European partner for its military collaboration projects, both operational and industrial. It started in 2010 with the Lancaster House Agreements and then, following the failure of a first Franco-British FCAS program, a political and industrial rapprochement between Paris and Berlin.
Industrial breakdowns and political blockages
In terms of military needs, the rapprochement between France and Germany quickly became evident. Three major topics thus emerged:
- SCAF: the future air combat system to replace the Rafale and Eurofighter fighters
- MGCS (Main Ground Combat System): replacement of Leclerc (France) and Leopard 2 (Germany) tanks
- MAWS (Maritime Airborne Warfare System): new maritime patrol aircraft to replace the Atlantique 2 (France) and P-3 Orion (Germany), with a possible opening to other partners in Europe or in NATO
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