Traditionally non-aligned, Indonesia used to balance its defense equipment acquisitions between the different blocs. During the cold war, like India, the air forces of Jakarta thus made fly jointly of Mig 19 and Mig 21 Soviet at the sides of A4 Skyhawk American, and this situation persisted after the fall of the Soviet Union, by developing set of Russian Su-27 and Su-30 and American F16. But this type of "intermediate" positioning is no longer suitable for Washington.
Since arriving at the White House, Donald Trump has clearly undertaken to reconstruct a block structure on the planet, with on one side the block articulated around the United States, and on the other that structured around the Sino-Russian couple . And to force countries to make this choice, he promulgated, in 2017, CATSAA legislation, which threatens any country acquiring Russian or Chinese defense equipment with sanctions, which can range from the suspension of export authorizations for American defense equipment, to severe economic sanctions.
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