The arrival from Europe of black powder, a highly explosive and exothermic mixture of sulfur, saltpeter (potassium nitrate) and charcoal introduced by the Mongols in the 2000th century but used in China since the XNUMXth century, resulted in a rapid and profound upheaval in military technology, as well as in tactics and strategies. Ballistae and Scorpions were quickly replaced by guns and bombards, as soldiers sold off their crossbows and bows against the first individual firearms, resulting in just two centuries the end of more than XNUMX years of military technology.
800 years later, gunpowder continues to be at the heart of modern military engagements, forming part of almost all combat equipment, ranging from infantry assault rifles or on-board guns in combat aircraft, and artillery, whether naval or land. But the progress recorded in recent years in the control of electromagnetic force, could well prove to be as revolutionary as was the arrival of black powder, the internal combustion engine or the first transistor.
Electromagnetism is one of the four elementary interactions identified by modern physics, with the strong interaction, which allows matter to exist, the weak interaction, which generates radioactivity and beta rays, and gravity, known from all. It is also one of the most powerful, because if it is 100 times weaker than the strong interaction, it remains 1000 times stronger than the weak interaction, and 10 (power) 36 stronger than gravity. It is based on the interactions and forces that apply between electrically charged particles. Without going into details, it is this force which is, among other things, at the heart of all electric motors or generators, but also radio waves, light, or the operation of compasses.
Technological and theoretical advances made in recent years now allow us to cross a new technological course, opening the way to new military applications capable of profoundly and lastingly transforming equipment and doctrines.
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