Budget cuts hamper Indian Navy modernization against China

To cope with the very rapid rise in power of the Chinese People's Liberation Army navy, which will go from 330 surface vessels and 67 submarines today, to 450 surface vessels and 100 submarines in 2030 , the Indian Navy was committed, from 2012, in a vast plan of modernization and extension, before bringing it from the 130 ships currently in service to 200 ships in line in 2030, including 2 carrier strike groups around the aircraft carriers IAC-1 INS Vikrant and INS Vikramaditya. However, the decline in Indian state budget revenue, linked to the country's slowdown in growth from 8,5% in 2015 to 5% in 2019, has significant consequences on the execution of this plan.

For several years, and until 2015, the budget devoted to La Défense by New Delhi remained stable around $ 51 billion, despite the often very significant growth of the national economy. In 2015, faced with the obvious transformation of Chinese military power and Pakistani reinforcement on the basis of an increasingly solid alliance with Beijing, Prime Minister N. Modi embarked on a plan to rapidly modernize his armed forces, concomitantly to its defense industry. Between 2015 and 2019, the Indian Defense budget increased from $ 55 billion to $ 66 billion. But at the same time, the share of expenditure allocated to the Indian Navy increased from 18% to 12%, resulting in an effective drop in appropriations of nearly $ 2 billion per year.

INS Kalvari, first of 6 P75 Scorpene submarines

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