The Indian Ministry of Defense has published the list of 5 international companies and 2 local shipyards which will participate in the final of the P75i program on the design and construction of 6 submarines with anaerobic propulsion. The finalists are the French Naval Group with the Scorpene submarine, the Russian Rubin with the Amur 1650, the German TKMS with the Type 214, the Spanish Navantia with the S80 and the South Korean DSME with the KS-III. The two selected shipyards are Mazagon Docks Ltd (MDL), which has already manufactured the first 2 Scorpene submarines of the P75 program, and the L&T shipyards. The Swedish group Kockums, a subsidiary of Saab, presented its A26 model, while the Japanese Mitsubishi Heavy Industries presented the Soryu class, but the two companies left the competition.
With the withdrawal of the Swedish A26, and according to many observers, the competition will mainly see to oppose the models of Naval Group and the Rubin design offices. The French group benefits from the industrial tool already operational to build the Scorpene of the P75 program, making it possible to reduce production costs, even if the propulsion will this time be based on an anaerobic system. In addition, crew maintenance and training will be optimized with the 6 Kalvari in service. Russia, India's main partner in Defense equipment, spares no efforts to attempt to propose a co-development specific to New Delhi. But this offer will be handicapped by the setbacks encountered by the Lada class whose AIP propulsion seems for the moment abandoned, and which encountered many development difficulties, leading the Russian Navy to favor the order of Program 636.3 Improved Kilo submarines to strengthen the Pacific and Black Sea fleets, and that'a new order is likely to be placed for the Baltic Sea fleet.
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