Maritime patrol is an area relatively unknown to the public. Most often dependent on naval air forces, it is made up of long-range devices, equipped to detect, monitor and potentially engage ships and submarines present in a large maritime area, sometimes very far from the coast. Maritime patrol aircraft, such as the French Atlantic 2, the American P3 Orion, or the Russian Tu-142, were traditionally aircraft equipped with turboprop engines, designed to operate at very low altitude and at low speed, in particular to use the detector magnetic anomaly which makes it possible to detect variations in the Earth's magnetic field in the presence of a large metallic mass nearby, and therefore to detect a submarine while diving.
But the MAD (Magnetic Anomaly Detector) is not the only detection equipment available to a maritime patrol aircraft, which also implements a powerful surface radar, passive electromagnetic emission detection (ESM) systems, and releasable sonar, called Suno-buoys, used to detect the position of a submersible. Once located, the aircraft can use airborne acoustically guided torpedoes and underwater mines against submarines, guided bombs and anti-ship missiles against ships.
The rest of this article is for subscribers only
News articles are accessible 24 hours, and Magazine articles are accessible 48 hours. Beyond that, they can only be viewed by subscribers to the Meta-Defense service. Articles dealing with sensitive subjects are reserved for subscribers as soon as they are published.
Personal subscription at 4,95 € per month, 2,50 € per month for students and 18 € per month for professional subscriptions. The annual subscription offers 2 free months.
Download itMobile Meta-Defense app for IOS or Android to be informed of new publications by notification.